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1914 Boston Braves

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  • Charlton's Baseball Chronology - 1879

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    January 1 In A meeting in Rockford‚ Illinois‚ the Northwest League is proposed. Rockford‚ Dubuque‚ and Peoria are represented at the meeting‚ and Davenport‚ Milwaukee‚ Cedar Rapids and Marshalltown are invited to join.
    An article in the Chicago Daily Tribune on square bats states that the League is considering a rule change to "allow the batter the privilege of using a square or flat bat." It further states that "(t)he idea was originally put forth in the Boston Herald‚ the base-ball department of which is understood to be 'inspired' by Harry Wright." It then quotes from the article and notes that the rule would not be changed "without at least a year's notice in advance‚ in order that players might practice at leisure moments and become accustomed to the flat bat. . . ." The notion will be discarded in Febraury 1880.
    January 26 Troy receives notification of its admission into the NL. The Trojans are already committed to salaries totaling $10‚240 for 11 players and a manager.

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    February 14 The Milwaukee NL club's property (Cream Citys) is sold to satisfy a bankruptcy judgment of $125.61.
    February 18 At the International Association meeting‚ the 1878 pennant is awarded to Buffalo with a 24-8 record; Syracuse was 23-9. With no Canadian clubs in attendance‚ the league changes its name to the National Association.
    February 20 The Troy City club hires a contractor to build a new grandstand seating 1200 to accommodate the crowds at NL games this coming season.

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    March 8 The Worcester club reorganizes with Frank Bancroft and Jim Mutrie‚ both of last year's New Bedford club‚ among the prominent men involved.
    March 21 Entry into the NA pennant race is closed with 9 clubs‚ including 2 in Albany.
    March 24 The NL meets in Buffalo and adopts an 8-team‚ 84-game schedule.
    March 25 Despite some vocal opposition from some members‚ the NL votes to retain its 50˘ minimum admission price. It also reinstitutes the rule making outs of fouls on 3rd strikes caught on the first bounce.
    March 30 Boston ups its season ticket prices from $10 to $14.

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    April 1 The Northwest League is formed with Davenport‚ Omaha‚ Dubuque‚ and Rockford. This league refuses to affiliate with the NA or NL‚ setting its sights at limited attendance and salary standards. In this sense‚ it is the first minor league.
    April 3 The annual Fast Day opener in Boston draws more than 1‚000 fans despite the rainy weather.
    April 4 The Providence Grays vote to establish a "bull pen" in CF for which 15˘ admissions can be purchased starting in the 5th inning. This would be a very popular ticket‚ with a daily rush in the 5th.
    April 7 Pittsburgh trades pitcher Jerry Reuss to the Dodgers for pitcher Rick Rhoden.
    April 16 Worcester manager Frank Bancroft sends out a notice to other clubs stating‚ "that it is useless to accept the promises of guarantees from D.L. Foutz" of Baltimore. Young Foutz‚ the player-manager of the Baltimore B.B. Club‚ had guaranteed Worcester $50 for a game on the 15th. But the visitors had arrived 35 minutes late‚ and poor weather had kept the crowd to a minimum. So when the Worcester squad finally arrived‚ Foutz refused to play the game or pay the guarantee. The damage from Bancroft's announcement would cause Foutz to decamp to Colorado for a few seasons.
    April 24 The NA season opens with the Capital Cities losing to their crosstown rivals the Albanys 3-0.

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    May 1 Opening Day in the NL with 4 games‚ including the first league games ever in Buffalo and Cleveland.
    Cap Anson‚ in his debut as Chicago's manager‚ collects 2 singles and a RBI to help beat Syracuse 4-3 in the season opener at Chicago's Lakefront Park.
    May 2 Cincinnati 2B Ross Barnes suffers a sprained neck when Troy's Mike Mansell deliberately runs into him as he attempts a double play. Collisions on the basepaths and "breaking up the double play" are not yet accepted parts of the game. Mansell is severely censured for his actions.
    May 3 Mike Kelly hits a 3-run homer in Cincinnati as the Reds beat Troy City‚ 13-12. For hitting the first HR of the season‚ Kelly receives a bat from the Cincinnati Inquirer.
    May 8 Buffalo nips Providence‚ 3-2. In the top of the 9th‚ CF Dave Eggler cannily juggles a fly ball and is able to force the speedy John Ward out at 3B. In the bottom of the inning‚ the Bisons score the winning run on throwing errors by Grays catcher Jim O'Rourke.
    May 10 Buffalo P Jim Galvin twists his ankle in the 3rd inning‚ and Providence jumps on reliever Bill McGunnigle for 13 runs‚ including 9 in the 8th inning‚ to win 16-10.
    May 12 Troy‚ 0-6 in NL play thus far‚ wins an exhibition game in Detroit at the opening of Recreation Park.
    May 13 Cincinnati's Mike Burke is the goat twice in a 3-2 loss in Boston. In the top of the 9th‚ he overruns 3B and is tagged out‚ and in the bottom‚ he makes the error to allow the winning run to score.
    May 15 Chicago losses the toss for choice of innings for the 7th time in 8 games‚ but beats Providence‚ 7-2. The White Stockings now lead the NL at 7-1.
    May 16 Troy (1-7) posts its first victory by beating Buffalo‚ 1-0. Captain George Bradley pitches the shutout and Bison's 2B Bill Crowley's 2 errors allow the only run to score.
    May 17 Plagued by catching injuries‚ the Cleveland Blues give Fred Gunkley a trial. He finishes the game with 10 errors (including passed balls) even though he is shifted to the OF midway through the game. The Blue Stockings lose to the Syracuse Stars 11-3.
    May 20 Boston catcher Charley Snyder suffers a cut hand in the 8th inning‚ forcing relief pitcher Tommy Bond to ease up on his delivery and allowing Chicago to score 4 runs in the 9th to win‚ 9-5.
    May 22 Providence rallies from a 9-2 deficit in the 7th inning to beat Cincinnati‚ 10-9‚ in 10 innings.
    May 24 Providence scores 10 runs in the 1st inning and rout the Cincinnati team‚ 17-1. Two Providence runners were thrown out trying to steal in the big inning.
    May 28 Home openers are staged in Boston‚ Providence‚ Syracuse and Troy with Boston the only loser.
    May 30 John Ward of Providence beats Buffalo 4-0 and saves his own shutout with the innovative tactic of backing up home plate on a throw from the OF.
    May 31 Chicago runs its record to 14-1 with a 4-2 triumph in Boston. Providence is 2nd with a 10-5 record.

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    June 2 J. Lee Richmond‚ star at Brown University‚ makes his pro debut with Worcester by no-hitting Chicago in a 7-inning game‚ 11-0. Richmond was 1-0 last year with NL Boston.
    June 5 Chicago scores 3 times in the bottom of the 9th to edge Providence‚ 6-5. Quinn‚ Williamson‚ and Larkin provide scoring singles plus errors by O'Rourke and Hines. This ups the Whites lead over the Grays to 5 games.
    June 6 Charley Jones hits a tremendous home run‚ estimated to travel 500 feet‚ as Boston beats Buffalo‚ 7-4.
    June 9 Back with Brown University‚ Lee Richmond pitches his school to the College Championship by beating Yale 3-2. In the 9th‚ Yale puts runners on 2B and 3B with 2 out‚ but Richmond fans Ripley on a full count (8-2) pitch.
    June 10 Providence plays errorless ball for the first time this season and beats Cincinnati‚ 11-1.
    June 12 Boston shades Cleveland‚ 1-0‚ as Sadie Houck scores the winning run after colliding with SS Tom Carey as the fielder was going after a pop fly. The consolation for the losers is the fine performance of their latest catching recruit‚ Barney Gilligan.
    June 13 Will White sprains his ankle while horsing around with Mike Kelly before the game‚ and Cincinnati is forced to use Cal McVey in the pitcher's box. McVey is pounded for 28 hits‚ as Providence wins 19-6.
    June 14 Chicago's Frank "Silver" Flint hits a ball over the LF fence in the 9th inning in Troy. He takes only 3 bases on the hit because he wants to force the catcher to play close behind the next batter‚ giving the hitter a better chance. Flint eventually scores but Chicago still loses 10-9.
    June 15 St. Louis applies to join the IA (then known as the National Association) after having previously rejected offers to take over the NL's Indianapolis franchise.
    June 20 Oscar Walker of Buffalo becomes the first ML player to strike out 5 times in a 9-inning game. Luckily‚ his teammates are able to hit Bradley's delivery enough to beat Troy‚ 8-3.
    June 21 With Joe Start out with an injury‚ Providence quickly recruits Bill White of Brown University to play 1B. He goes 1-for-4 with no errors in his only big league game as the Grays beat Cleveland‚ 5-3.
    June 22 The NY Times reports the death of a player named Alexander Taylor. Apparently this fatality took place on the field of play. The article says that Taylor‚ a catcher‚ got too close to the batter as he swung‚ smashing his skull.
    June 23 Dan Brouthers makes his ML debut with Troy‚ contributing a single in a 6-run burst that beats Syracuse‚ 6-0.
    June 26 Boston edges Providence 3-2‚ due largely to a triple play started by C Snyder. He drops a 3rd strike with the bases loaded and begins the throws that result in three force outs. The rule eliminating the chance for double and triple plays on dropped 3rd strikes would not be adopted until 1887.
    June 28 John O'Rourke of Boston hits 2 homers as the Reds beat the Grays‚ 10-5. O'Rourke will finish the season with 6 homers‚ 2nd to teammate Jones's NL-high of 10.
    June 30 Despite being outhit 11-3‚ Cleveland beats Buffalo‚ 2-1.

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    July 1 Buffalo's Jim Galvin holds Cleveland to one hit this time and wins‚ 9-0.
    July 2 In Chicago‚ umpire Bill McLean fines players on both teams and even walks off the field briefly before being convinced to complete the game‚ which is won by Cincinnati‚ 14-9.
    July 4 A holiday crowd of more than 5‚000 turns out in Philadelphia to see a widely advertised game between 2 women's teams‚ the New York Blue Stockings and the Philadelphia Red Stockings. The teams‚ connected with variety theaters‚ are playing for "the championship of the U.S." The Blue Stockings win 36-24 in a loosely played game cut short when the unruly crowd gets out of control.
    July 5 Ned Williamson is 5-for-5 with a triple and HR as Chicago snaps a 3-game losing streak with a 14-6 win over Boston.
    July 8 Cleveland's Jack Glasscock drives home a run in the top of the 9th to break a scoreless tie‚ but then he makes a game-losing error in the bottom of the frame as Buffalo rallies‚ 2-1.
    July 12 Galvin pitches the Bisons to two victories over Troy‚ 5-3 and 5-4 in 12 innings. He also hits the game-winning triple in game 2.
    July 14 Chicago signs Jack Remsen of the recently disbanded Utica (NA) club.
    July 15 After having pitched complete games in all of Providence's 73 NL games since he joined the club exactly one year ago‚ Monte Ward is relieved for the first time in the 4th inning in a 9-0 loss to Cincinnati.
    July 16 Frank Hankinson‚ who has taken over as Chicago's chief pitcher because of Terry Larkin's arm trouble‚ shuts out Troy for the 2nd time in 2 days.
    July 19 Cincinnati gets homers from Barnes‚ Dickerson‚ and J. White‚ but still needs 11th-inning singles by McVey and Dickerson to edge Troy‚ 7-6.
    At Cleveland‚ the first all-lefty duel in ML history takes place (as researched by David Nemec). Bobby Mitchell of Cleveland defeats Curry Foley of Boston‚ 8-2.
    July 20 Bond‚ apparently fully recovered from his thumb injury‚ stops Cleveland‚ 9-0‚ on 4 hits.
    July 23 After having missed a month with a broken finger‚ Joe Start returns to the Providence lineup as the Grays beat Chicago‚ 13-4‚ to take the rubber game of the series from the league-leaders. The Grays still trail by 4 1/2 games.
    July 24 Bradley pitches a 5-hitter as Troy beats Cleveland‚ 2-0. This will turn out to be the Trojans only win in a 19-game stretch.
    July 26 Syracuse's Harry McCormick hits a HR in the first and then makes it stand up by beating Boston's Tommy Bond 1-0. This will be the only time in ML history that a pitcher wins his own 1-0 game with first-inning HR‚ a ML record likely to stand.
    July 28 Boston's Jones hits a leadoff HR in the 1st inning as the Reds get sweet revenge against McCormick and the Stars with a 12-0 shutout.
    July 29 Billy Holbert succeeds Mike Dorgan as captain of the Stars‚ but Syracuse still loses 13-4 to Boston.
    July 30 Holbert is supplanted after just one game by Jim Macullar. The Stars lose again as their record slips to 17-28.

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    August 2 Bond pitches his 3rd shutout of the week (out of 5 games pitched) beating Troy‚ 9-0.
    August 3 The Syracuse club is reportedly 5 weeks in arrears in paying their players' salaries.
    August 5 After Providence P Bobby Mathews gives up 6 runs in the first 2 innings‚ he switches positions with 3B Monte Ward‚ who pitches shutout ball the rest of the way to rally the Grays to a 7-6 win. Captain George Wright would successfully employ this pitching scheme several more times in the season.
    August 6 After the Trojans lose again to drop their record to 12-34‚ Troy hires Bob Ferguson to take over as manager and captain‚ succeeding Horace Phillips and George Bradley respectively.
    August 7 An unusual base-path occurrence is the feature in Syracuse. The Star runner from 2B‚ Mike Dorgan‚ passes the man from 3B‚ Hick Carpenter‚ and crosses the plate before Carpenter is tagged out. There is as yet no specific rule about passing preceding runners‚ but the umpire calls both men out. The Stars beat Boston 6-5.
    August 11 Providence posts its 3rd consecutive extra-inning victory and 8th straight overall‚ beating Syracuse 3-2 in 12.
    August 12 McCunnigle of Buffalo shuts out Cleveland for the 2nd day in a row‚ both final scores being 2-0.
    August 13 Chicago and Cincinnati try to play a makeup game‚ but the home team Reds refuse to play after a downpour of rain. The visiting Whites then appoint one of their traveling party as umpire‚ and he declares the game a 9-0 forfeit victory for Chicago. It will be declared a legal Chicago victory at the NL meeting in December.
    August 14 Troy snaps a 12-game losing streak‚ the longest this year in the NL‚ by beating Providence‚ 6-2.
    August 15 Providence takes over first place from Chicago in the NL with a 16-7 pasting of Troy.
    Cap Anson plays his final game of 1879 for Chicago as they lose for the 6th time in 8 games since the Dubuque trip. The player-manager will leave the club to recuperate from a liver ailment‚ and Silver Flint will take over. Anson's illness‚ coupled with P Terry Larkin's lame arm‚ will doom Chicago to a 4th-place finish.
    August 20 Chicago club president William Hulbert "puts some ginger in the boys" with a pregame pep talk‚ and the Whites respond with an 8-1 victory over Buffalo.
    August 21 Dan Brouthers tries pitching for Troy and is roughed up for 17 hits by Boston. Tommy Bonds (8 innings) and Curry Foley (1 inning) combine to shut out Troy‚ 16-0.
    August 26 Paul Hines is 5-for-6 and saves the game in the 10th inning with a fine catch as Providence beats Troy‚ 8-6.
    August 27 The Chicago team leaves on an eastern road trip without Cap Anson. Anson will go to his father's home in Marshalltown‚ Iowa‚ to recover his health.
    August 29 Recently signed Lew Brown joins the Chicagos in Rochester and takes over as captain.
    August 30 Troy beats Boston‚ 4-2‚ to snap the Bostons 10-game winning streak‚ which is tied with previous streaks by Buffalo (July 19-August 6) and Providence (July 30 - August 13) for the longest in the NL this year.

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    September 1 Chicago beats Buffalo 4-1to briefly regain 2nd place over Boston. The top 3 teams are tightly bunched: Providence (45-21)‚ Chicago (43-21) and Boston 43-23).
    September 3 After spending 24 hours on the journey from Buffalo to Providence‚ the White Stockings are trounced by the Grays‚ 8-1‚ in the first game of a 3-game showdown.
    September 4 The required 10 days since his release having elapsed‚ Lew Brown is able to play for Chicago against his old Providence team. It's not enough as the Grays win again‚ 10-3.
    September 6 Providence completes the sweep with an 11-5 win over Chicago. Boston‚ now in 2nd place‚ is 3 games back.
    September 7 Despite a respectable .2274 average‚ Dan Brouthers is released by Troy. He'll play 3 games for them next year.
    September 8 Boston shuts out Chicago‚ 4-0‚ as Tommy Bond strikes out 9.
    September 9 Tommy Bond of Boston shuts out Chicago again‚ 10-0 this time‚ for his 11th and final complete-game shutout of the season. Bond shut out Chicago yesterday‚ 4-0. This is the 3rd year in a row that he has led the NL in whitewashes.
    September 10 Facing bankruptcy‚ the Syracuse Stars fold after winning their final game. Having played Troy only 6 times‚ the official NL standings are adjusted so that only the first 6 games of the total each team played versus Syracuse would count. This adds a game to Providence's lead.
    September 12 Ex-star Jack Farrell plays with Providence as the Grays beat Cleveland‚ 8-4. Farrell and Blondie Purcell will be the only Syracuse players to catch on with other NL clubs in the final weeks of the season.
    September 16 A single by Candy Nelson is the only Trojan hit off Bill McGunnigle who pitches Buffalo to a 2-1 triumph.
    September 17 Pitching for Troy after the breakup of the Springfield NA club‚ Fred Goldsmith posts his 1st NL win after many years of non-league ball.
    September 18 In a rematch against Richmond and the Worcesters‚ the Chicagos manage 4 singles and are again shutout. The White Stockings let acting captain Lew Brown go and put Silver Flint in charge for the remaining two weeks of the season. Cap Anson will be back at the helm next spring.
    September 19 Aided by 17 Cincinnati fielding and battery errors‚ Providence wins 15-5 to sweep a 3-game series.
    September 20 In a rematch against Richmond and the Worcesters‚ the Chicagos manage 4 singles and are again shutout. The White Stockings let acting captain Lew Brown go and put Silver Flint in charge for the remaining two weeks of the season. Cap Anson will be back at the helm next spring.
    Boston beats Cleveland‚ 10-7‚ but still trails Providence by 4 games with just 6 left to play‚ all against the Grays.
    September 23 With Bond injured‚ Boston manager Harry Wright hires Harvard C Joe Tyng to pitch against Providence. To the surprise of all‚ Tyng and the Reds win 7-3.
    September 25 Providence jumps on Tyng for 16 hits and wins 15-4 to clinch a tie for first place.
    Chicago's Terry Larkin finds enough in his lame arm to toss a 6-5 victory over Cleveland‚ the last decision of his career. Frank Hankinson will pitch the last 4 games of the year for Chicago.
    September 26 Providence squanders a 6-run lead‚ but George Wright scores a run in the 9th inning to beat Boston 7-6 and clinch the pennant for the Grays. The Providence crowd stages a wild celebration that delays the formal last out of the game.
    September 27 Lee Richmond makes his NL pitching debut for Boston against Providence. He survives a shaky 5-run first and goes on to win 12-6.
    September 29 Will White pitches his 74th complete game of the season for Cincinnati‚ beating Cleveland 13-1. He will finish with 75 complete games and 680 innings pitched‚ establishing ML season records that will never be broken.
    September 30 The NL season ends with 3 games. Providence is the winner with a 55-23 record; Boston (49-29 is in second place after the standings are adjusted for only 6 games per team against Syracuse.
    From the 2nd day of the NL meeting‚ word leaks out of a secret agreement among the owners allowing each club to "reserve" 5 players with whom the other clubs agree not to negotiate. This move is to keep their salaries at current levels or below. This represents the beginning of the reserve system that would develop into management's chief hold over the players for the next century.

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    October 1 The financially strapped Cincinnati club releases its players‚ and will not pay them the final month's salary.
    October 2 Chicago's announcement of the signing of Troy's Fred Goldsmith leads to protests from Troy that the new reserve system has already been violated.
    October 3 Adrian Anson rejoins the White Stockings in Chicago as the club prepares to leave for California for a tour with a "Cincinnati" squad.
    October 5 The NL issues a circular stating that 1879 "was one of the most successful seasons financially in history." But most observers believe that all but one or two NL clubs lost money.
    October 7 Worcester beats Providence‚ 4-3‚ giving pitcher Richmond a 7-2 record versus NL teams for the season. Harry Stovey‚ having been signed with Worcester for 1880‚ makes his debut.
    October 8 The first pro game of the season takes place at the Union Grounds of Brooklyn with Providence beating Boston‚ 8-6.
    October 10 Providence beats Albany‚ 5-1‚ to snap Albany's 18-game winning streak against all levels of competition.
    October 13 Albany beats the Nationals of Washington to clinch the NA pennant. The victors' lineup includes three players‚ Tommy BurnsFred Dunlap‚ and Ned Hanlon‚ who will be NL standouts in the 1880s.
    October 16 With the Cincinnati Reds folding‚ Mike Kelly signs with Chicago for 1880 while on tour with the Whites in California.
    October 17 Troy beats Albany‚ 16-4‚ in the final NL versus AL game of the year. The NL has the edge in these games‚ 26-19‚ with 4 ties.
    October 24 Cincinnati formally resigns from the NL.
    October 25 The Nationals strike a blow for the prestige of the NA by signing Charley Snyder away from Boston.
    October 28 Former IF/OF Jimmy Hallihan dies of "inflammation of the bowels" at age 30.

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    November 15 Springfield hires Jack Chapman to manage a new team in 1880.
    November 21 Frank Bancroft closes a deal with A.S. Soule of the patent medicine firm promoting its hop bitters to take a squad on a tour of Cuba and the South. The team will be called "Hop Bitters" but will consist mainly of Worcester players‚ not Rochester men.
    November 24 Although the club reportedly cleared $1‚500 in winning the pennant‚ Providence offers player-manager George Wright a contract calling for a cut of about $300 from his 1879 salary of $2‚000. Because Wright was reserved by Providence at the NL meeting‚ he will receive no offers from other clubs.

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    December 3 The annual NL meeting convenes in Buffalo. A new Cincinnati club headed by Justus Thorner and O.P. Caylor is admitted to membership.
    December 4 NL owners again vote to retain the 50˘ minimum admission charge despite opposition from Troy and Buffalo.
    The following rule changes are made:
    the number of balls for a walk is reduced from 9 to 8.
    the catcher must catch the 3rd strike on the fly to put the batter out (the first bounce no longer counting).
    the final outs of the last half inning need no longer be completed if the team batting last is already ahead.
    December 5 The NL adopts a rule allowing a club to suspend a player for the remainder of one season and the entire following season for drunkenness or insubordination.
    December 6 The American College Baseball Association is founded in Springfield‚ MA. The six schools forming the group are Harvard‚ Yale‚ Princeton‚ Amherst‚ Dartmouth‚ and Brown‚ and they vote to exclude professional players from their teams. Yale‚ with the best team‚ will withdraw from the Association and only five teams will compete for the pennant in 1880. Princeton will win the 1880 season with a 6-2 record‚ though Yale will go 7-1. Yale will rejoin in 1881 and go 7-3‚ tops of the 6.
    December 18 The American College Base Ball Association is founded in Springfield‚ MA‚ at a meeting attended by 6 prominent eastern colleges.
    December 21 The Hop Bitters of Rochester‚ the first North American team to play in Cuba‚ beat a local team 21-7 in Havana before a crowd of 5‚000.

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