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1914 Boston Braves

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  • Charlton's Baseball Chronology - 1877

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    January


    January 2 According to Louisville manager John Chapman‚ catching prospect Charley Bennett has agreed to terms with the Grays and will be the change catcher behind Charley Snyder. But on the 7th Bennett will sign with the new independent club in Milwaukee‚ saying that he prefers a chance to be first-string catcher. However, Bennett ultimately will switch again to the A's on February 19.
    January 6 Joe Battin reportedly will not sign with the St. Louis Brown Stockings because of the new NL policy of charging players $30 for uniforms and‚ during road trips‚ deducting 50˘ a day from salaries to help offset the cost of meals. However‚ Battin will soon deny that he had objected to these things and will sign a new standard contract.
    January 13 St. Louis announces the signing of Mike Dorgan for $1‚600‚ much to the surprise of the Syracuse Stars‚ who claim to hold a signed contract with him.
    January 15 Al Spalding proposes a League Alliance in which independent teams would affiliate with the NL and the NL would honor their contracts. Spalding also promises to honor all contracts signed after March 15th.
    January 20 L.C. Waite of the St. Louis Red Stockings and originator of the idea of an International Alliance of independent clubs‚ labels Spalding's scheme a "walk into my parlor epistle" that will not stop the international movement. Waite’s idea for an International League, the so-called “Waite League,” will not catch on.
    January 21 Welome to the publishing wars. The Chicago Tribune notes “The New York Clipper Almanac has been issued. About all the base-ball figures of reference are correct—that is, they are lifted bodily from The Chicago Tribune. It is a good deal of encouragement for a reporter to work all season in keeping and tabulating scores only to have them stolen bodily by a man too lazy or incapable of making his own averages. It may be fair to add that, out of over fifty republications of The Tribune table of averages by other papers and books, the Clipper Almanac is the first and only one to burglarize them.”
    The Hartford Post (as reported in the Chicago Tribune) charges “the Brooklyn Eagle and papers which publish the slops compiled by one Henry Chadwick still insist upon publishing the statement that the Hartford Club is to play its games in Brooklyn next season. This statement is a lie, as Chadwick well knows, but since the League was formed without his consent and contrary to his wishes, he has taken every opportunity to circulate all sorts of malicious statements which would tend to injure the League and the clubs which compose it through the columns in the Clipper and other papers. Persons wishing to keep posted on base-ball matters should steer clear of such papers.” [Hartford will open in Brooklyn on April 30th.]
    January 24 The Centennial club is organized in San Francisco in an attempt to field the first professional team in California.

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    March



    March 3 Cherokee Fisher admits he was paid $100 to lose a game last September while pitching for the West Ends in Milwaukee.
    March 19 Fickle Charlie Bennett signs to play with the revived Athletics of Philadelphia‚ apparently for more money than Milwaukee offered. He'll play just one game in the spring before going to Milwaukee to honor his 1877 contract‚ but promises to play for the A's next year.
    March 20 The International Association is organized at a meeting of representatives of 17 clubs held in Pittsburgh. Although set up as an alternative to the NL‚ the IA will go down in history as the first minor league.
    March 27 The IA adopts a $10 admission fee (another report says $15)‚ with an additional $10 (another report says $25) required to enter the pennant race. Candy Cummings‚ pitcher-manager of the Live Oaks of Lynn‚ MA‚ is elected president.

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    March


    March 5 The Hartford club completes arrangements to play its 1877 NL home games in Brooklyn. The club will still be called "Hartford."
    March 10 The IA Indianapolis Blues play the first game of their spring training tour in Galveston‚ TX‚ beating the Dallas team 50-0. No NL clubs will travel further south than Memphis this spring.
    March 15 The National Association of Amateur Base Ball Players meets at New York's Cooper Union. Re-elected President John G.H. Myers announces that there are 35 clubs in good standing‚ barely 10% of the number in the original group before the 1871 split with the professionals.
    March 18 After 5 straight shutout wins‚ in Galveston and New Orleans‚ Edward Nolan and his Indianapolis teammates lose to the Memphis Reds‚ 8-7.
    March 22 The NL publishes its 1877 game schedule‚ the first league-wide schedule ever issued. The failure of the Athletics and the Mutuals to finish the 1876 season has convinced the NL of the necessity of agreeing on a schedule.
    March 27 A pro team is organized in New Bedford‚ MA. Hotel proprietor Frank C. Bancroft is among the directors‚ beginning a career as a manager and executive that will last‚ with a few brief interruptions. until his death in 1922.

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    May


    May 7 George Hall‚ who led the NL in home runs last year with 5‚ hits a homer in his first spring at-bat for Louisville‚ as the Grays begin training with a practice game against local amateurs. Hall will not hit any homers during the regular season.
    May 12 Playing for Harvard College‚ Alex Tyng wear a catcher's mask in a game against semi-pro Live Oaks in Lynn‚ MA. Suppposedly the invention of Fred Thayer‚ the team manager‚ the mask is manufactured by Peck & Snyder of New York City (In the June 2004 Harvard Magazine‚ historian Stephen Eisenbach writes that Tyng had a local tinsmith make the mask). Thayer will receive a patent for his invention next year. A February 1‚ 1903 Washington Post account says oldtimers credit Billy McGunnity of Falls River with using the first catcher's mitt in 1875.
    May 14 Princeton College's nine hands the reorganized Athletics an embarrassing 24-11 defeat in Philadelphia.
    May 26 The IA opening game is played in Lynn‚ MA. The Manchester‚ NH‚ team beats the Live Oaks 14-3. Louis Say stars by scoring 4 runs. IA president Candy Cummings is the losing pitcher.
    May 30 The Boston Red Stockings and the Hartford Dark Blues open the NL season with a tie game in Brooklyn‚ 1-1 in 11 innings. Tommy Bond makes his debut with Boston against his old team. Hartford manager Bob Ferguson‚ who suspended Bond last year after the pitcher accused him of throwing games‚ drives in the only run for the Dark Blues.
    Jim Galvin of the Pittsburgh Alleghenies hurls the minor league IA's first shutout‚ defeating Columbus 2-0.

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    May


    May 1 In a preseason game in St. Louis‚ the Browns and the Syracuse Stars play a 15-inning scoreless tie‚ the longest scoreless game yet played by professional clubs. It is suspected that the new "dead ball" used by the NL is partly to blame‚ as were pitchers Tricky Nichols and Harry McCormick.
    May 2 The Allegheny (IA) club of Pittsburgh upsets the Boston Red Stockings behind the brilliant work of Jim Galvin. Not only does he pitch a one-hit shutout‚ he hits a HR said to be the first ball to clear the fence at Pittsburgh's Union Park.
    May 5 In London‚ Ontario‚ the Brooklyn "Hartfords" beat the 1876 Canadian champion Tecumsehs‚ 6-2.
    May 8 The Chicago White Stockings‚ the defending NL Champs‚ edge Hartford 6-5 in their home opener. Cap Anson and John Glenn each have 3 hits‚ while batting champ Ross Barnes adds 2 hits‚ despite the new foul rule that makes a ball that goes foul before reaching 1B or 3B a foul ball. The old rule‚ under which any ball that bounced in fair territory first was fair‚ enabled Barnes to hit many a safe "fair-foul" past the third baseman.
    May 10 There's no dead ball in evidence as the Reds open their season with a 15-10 win over Louisville. The game was supposed to be in Cincinnati‚ but 3 days of rain washes out the plans. In a first‚ the Reds team travels by boat down the Ohio River to play the game. Jim Devlin‚ loser of last year's opener‚ takes another loss with Bobby Mathews the winner. Five Reds collect at least 3 hits. A new rule this year puts the home team at bat first (rather than toss for ups). But even with the Grays scoring one in the 9th‚ the Reds are unable to finish batting in the 9th and the score reverts to the 15-10 after 8 innings.
    May 11 Harvard College and the professional Manchesters play an unprecedented 24-inning scoreless tie. The ball is blamed‚ being "dead enough to be buried."
    May 12 Chicago makes 21 errors‚ including passed balls and wild pitches‚ and loses to Boston 18-9. The winners make 11 errors.
    May 14 Louisville buries Cincinnati‚ 24-6‚ under a 32-hit attack. Hall and Bill Hague each have 5 hits‚ as the Grays score a dozen runs against both Bobby Mathews and Jack Manning.
    May 17 At a special league meeting‚ the NL adopts a livelier version of the Spalding ball for all games.
    Umpire John Draper walks off the field in the 8th inning of the Cincinnati-Boston game. John Brockway comes out of the stands to finish the game‚ but the incident underscores the hazards of having amateurs officiate for the NL.
    May 23 Hartford edges Cincinnati‚ 5-4‚ thanks to a grounder that goes through the legs of 2B Jimmy Hallinan‚ allowing 3 runs to score.
    May 25 Pitching sensation Edward "The Only" Nolan of Indianapolis shuts out the White Stockings‚ 3-0.
    May 26 Chicago's Cal McVey is 5-for-5 to lead the Whites to a 12-7 win over Cincinnati. McVey's last hit starts a tie-breaking rally in the 9th.
    May 31 After having played the A's in Philadelphia and Brooklyn the previous 2 days‚ Hartford hosts the Athletics and win‚ 5-2.
    Charley Jones is 4-for-4 with a 3-run HR to lead Cincinnati to an 11-6 win over St. Louis.

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    July


    July 1 The Dark Blues play the Athletics in Hartford‚ CT‚ for the 2nd day in a row. With a game against amateurs on June 5th‚ the "Hartford" club plays only 3 games all season in Hartford.
    July 5 Making his last start as a pitcher‚ Chicago's Al Spalding fails to retire any of the 5 Cincinnati batters he faces. Spalding's old Rockford teammate‚ Bob Addy‚ literally knocks Spalding out of the box with a line drive to the chest‚ but Spalding throws him out at 1B. Spalding gives up 5 runs in his one inning and is replaced by George Bradley‚ who shuts out Cincy. Chicago wins‚ 12-5.
    July 6 Louisville nips St. Louis‚ 1-0‚ on a 6th inning run by Juice Latham on a walk‚ a steal‚ a wild throw‚ and a fly out.
    July 10 The St. Louis Browns and Cincinnati Reds stage a Sunday exhibition game‚ the only Sunday game between NL teams that would be played until 1892.
    Lip Pike resigns as Cincinnati captain and is succeeded by Bob Addy.
    July 12 Hartford beats Boston‚ 7-0‚ for a second day in a row. This time the fielding is the big difference‚ Boston making 18 errors to 0 for Hartford.
    July 18 Lacking the funds to start their scheduled eastern trip‚ the Cincinnati club disbands.
    July 19 John Morrill is 5-for-5 as Boston pounds St. Louis‚ 13-0.
    July 21 Cincinnati stockholders move to reorganize the club. Some trouble could arise if Chicago‚ which has signed Jimmy Hallihan and Charley Jones‚ will not return the players. Hallihan was to have played for the Whites today‚ but he broke a finger in pre-game practice.
    July 23 Jim Galvin of the Alleghenies shuts out Chicago on 3 hits‚ 6-0.
    July 25 Hard luck continues to dog the Cincinnati club‚ as a heavy windstorm nearly destroys the pavilion at the Cincinnati Base Ball Park.
    July 29 Chicago releases Jones back to Cincinnati but retains Hallinan.
    July 30 Cincinnati signs P Candy Cummings‚ formerly of the Live Oaks of Lynn. Cummings will join the NL club but will still serve as president of the IA.

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    July


    July 3 The reorganized Cincinnati Red Stockings reappear in action versus the Louisville Grays‚ losing 6-3. Whether or not their games will count in the NL standings will not be resolved until the NL meeting in December.
    July 4 John Clapp's 4th hit of the day‚ an 11th-inning triple‚ enables St. Louis to beat Hartford in a holiday thriller‚ 7-6.
    July 6 Indianapolis' The Only Nolan holds Hartford to one hit but the match ends in a 10-inning scoreless tie.
    July 7 Lip Pike hits a HR in the 1st inning but makes 3 errors at 2B to allow Boston to beat Cincinnati‚ 3-2.
    July 9 In the IA‚ Jim McCormick of Columbus gives up only 4 hits in 18 innings as the Buckeyes battle the Tecumsehs to a 1-1 tie.
    July 10 St. Louis manager George McManus signs Louisville battery Jim Devlin and Charlie Snyder for the 1878 season.
    July 11 Having been struck in the eye by a foul tip one month earlier‚ Pete Hotaling of the IA Syracuse Stars returns behind the plate wearing a wire mask for protection. Hotaling and teammate Al Hall would often use the mask this summer.
    July 13 After pitching in 88 consecutive games since the start of the NL‚ an all-time record‚ George Bradley steps aside for Cal McVey‚ and Chicago beats Hartford 6-3. The revamped lineup shows Bradley at 3B‚ Spalding at 1B‚ and Cap Anson catching.
    July 14 Davy Force has a 5-for-5 game to lead St. Louis to a 10-3 win over Boston. Boston has a 6-3-6 triple play.
    July 16 Davy Force ends the game with a nifty piece of strategy in the bottom of the 12th to allow St. Louis to beat Hartford‚ 3-2. With 2 on and 1 out‚ Force purposely drops a pop fly to short and with quick work turns it into a force at 3B and 2B for a game-ending DP.
    July 18 Boston's Jim White makes his first start of the year at 1B and continues his hot hitting with a single‚ double and HR in an 18-4 rout of Chicago. White will finish the year leading the NL in hits‚ doubles‚ RBIs‚ and batting and slugging averages.
    July 20 Ed Nolan of Indianapolis pitches his 5th straight shutout‚ all within a span of 8 days‚ beating Milwaukee 1-0. His previous shutouts were over Louisville‚ Syracuse‚ and Manchester twice. Nolan will total 30 shutouts in 1877 against all levels of opponents.
    First place Boston gets tripped up by cellar-dwelling Cincinnati‚ 13-11‚ with the loss going to Will White‚ making his ML debut. Cincy must like what they see because White will pitch for the Reds next year after his three-game rookie year in Boston. The bespeckled White is the only player in the 19th century to wear glasses on the playing field; Lee Meadows will be the next player‚ in 1915‚ to wear glasses.
    Slumping Paul Hines receives a letter from Chicago club president William Hulbert threatening him with a release for poor play. Hulbert scolds‚ "You are not trying to play. Your father would not like to have you home with half your salary lost."
    July 21 Jim Galvin of Pittsburgh beats the Champion City 9 of Springfield‚ OH‚ 1-0 on one hit. This game would later be claimed as a perfect game‚ since only 27 Champion City batters faced the pitcher. Part of the confusion may stem from the unrest in Pittsburgh‚ where the news is dominated by the shooting of 20 people by the militia and the burning of 2‚000 freight cars by strikers.
    July 24 Second-place Louisville beats first-place Boston‚ 3-1‚ to close to one game behind.
    July 25 The Louisville Grays tie for the NL lead by beating the Boston Reds‚ 7-4. Bill Hague hits a 3-run homer for the winners‚ his only homer of the year.
    July 27 With a general strike still shutting down most of the businesses in town‚ Boston loses to St. Louis‚ 9-2‚ before "a very slim crowd."
    July 28 St. Louis takes over the lead in the NL by beating Boston‚ 3-2.
    July 31 Louisville supplants St. Louis in first place‚ beating the Browns 7-0 despite 13 St. Louis runners reaching 1B. Jim Devlin is the winner.

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    August


    August 1 Umpire Dan Devinney charges that St. Louis manager George McManus tried to bribe him with $250 to help the Browns beat the Grays in Louisville. But the home team wins 3-1. St. Louis management will vehemently deny the charges.
    August 2 Charley Bennett signs with Milwaukee for 1878 when the Milwaukee club's offer of $1‚700 is supplemented by a private purse of $300 raised by local fans. The terms are among the most lucrative ever offered by an independent club.
    August 3 The new Buffalo club‚ the first pro team from that city‚ plays its first game‚ a ten-inning‚ scoreless tie against Rochester at the local Rhode Island Street Grounds.
    August 4 Paced by home runs by "Orator" Shaffer and Bill Crowley‚ Louisville beats Chicago‚ 15-9‚ to extend their NL lead.
    August 6 The NL rule calls for the home team to submit 3 names of approved local men as a possible umpire for each game‚ with the visiting team choosing one of them at random. Today in Louisville‚ Chicago's Cal McVey reaches into the hat and picks out a slip with Devinney's name on it. Disgusted‚ McVey then grabs the hat and finds that all 3 slips have Devinney's name on them. The incensed White Stockings demand a new umpire and then snap the Grays' 6-game winning streak 7-2.
    August 7 Chicago scores 13 runs in the 2nd inning and trounces Cincinnati 21-7. The rally still stands as the NL record for runs in the 2nd inning by one and both teams.
    August 8 After St. Louis C John Clapp has his cheek smashed by a foul tip‚ replacement Mike Dorgan goes behind the plate wearing a mask. Though used earlier in the IA‚ this is perhaps the first use of a catcher's mask in an official NL game.
    August 10 Cincinnati's new owners demonstrate their determination to field a strong team next year by announcing the signing of Cal McVey for 1878.
    August 12 Johnny Quigley‚ catcher for the Clippers of Harlem‚ dies from head injuries sustained in a home-plate collision with Dan Brouthers on July 7th in a game against the Actives of Wappingers Falls‚ NY‚ while trying to catch a throw home. The 19-year-old Brouthers was exonerated by the authorities.
    August 16 Louisville loses in Boston 6-1‚ but retains first place. Bill Craver takes a called 3rd strike with the tying runs on base‚ and Jim Devlin fans 4 times‚ raising suspicions of gambling.
    August 18 The Brooklyn Hartfords outhit the Cincinnati Reds‚ 18-9‚ and win‚ 8-5. Tommy York hits a tie-breaking HR in the 4th‚ his only homer of the year.
    August 20 Louisville director Charles E. Chase receives an anonymous telegram from Hoboken‚ NJ‚ saying that "something is wrong with the Louisville players" and that gamblers were betting on Hartford. Louisville then loses today's game to Hartford‚ 6-1.
    August 21 Louisville drops another‚ losing in Brooklyn to Hartford‚ 7-0. Jim Holdsworth hits 2 key triples‚ his only triples of the year.
    August 23 Jack Manning is named captain of the Cincinnati Reds‚ replacing Bob Addy‚ whose lax habits got him in trouble with management. In Manning's debut‚ the western Reds lose to the Boston Reds‚ 10-4.
    August 25 Boston rallies to beat Louisville‚ 3-2‚ in the opener of a key 3-game series. The Reds score one run in the 8th and 2 in the 9th. Jim O'Rourke singles in a run in the 8th and is left on base as the man in front of him is put out on a line-drive double play to end the inning. This means that O'Rourke leads off the 9th‚ and he walks to start the winning rally.
    A group of Chicago and St. Louis gamblers name St. Louis third baseman Joe Battin and outfielder/pitcher/team captain Joe Blong as willing partners in yesterday's 3-4 loss hosting Chicago. Battin and Blong‚ though never officially expelled‚ never appear again in an NL game (as noted by Frank Vaccaro).
    August 27 Boston takes the 2nd game of the series‚ beating Louisville‚ 6-0. Tommy Bond is the winner on a 3-hitter‚ while Latham‚ Snyder and Craver make critical errors for the losers.
    August 28 Boston sweeps‚ taking game 3 from the Grays‚ 4-3. O'Rourke scores 2‚ while Sutton drives in 2.
    August 31 At Brooklyn‚ Louisville loses‚ 6-1‚ as Shaffer makes three errors in one inning.

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    October


    October 1 Jim Galvin and the Alleghenies edge St. Louis in 15 innings‚ 1-0. Two days earlier‚ they beat Milwaukee by the same score in 12 innings.
    October 3 Will White of Boston shuts out Cincinnati to win easily‚ 14-0. Except for 3 games against Cincinnati‚ all of brother Will's pitching this year is against non-league opponents.
    October 5 Louisville's Jim Devlin and George Hall agree to throw their next game in Cincinnati for $25 apiece. If true‚ they cut it pretty fine‚ losing 1-0.
    October 6 Sam "Buck" Weaver of Milwaukee no-hits the Mutuals of Janesville‚ to win the Wisconsin state championship. The Janesville battery consists of future stars John Montgomery Ward and Albert Bushong.
    Bobby Mitchell of Cincinnati‚ the first southpaw to pitch in the NL‚ wins a 1-0 victory over Jim Devlin of Louisville‚ the first shutout in Reds history. Teammate Lipman Pike‚ described as the first Jewish player in the NL‚ provides the margin with a HR‚ hitting it over the RF fence‚ also a first. Serving up the homer is Jim Devlin.
    October 8 Chicago snaps Boston's 12-game winning streak-6 of which came against Cincinnati-with an exciting 1-0 win behind George Bradley's 3-hitter. Ross Barnes plays but shows "none of his old vim."
    October 14 A 2-out error by Ross Barnes opens the gates for a 4-run Hartford rally‚ giving the Dark Blues a 5-2 win over Chicago.
    October 15 A 3-team tournament in Pittsburgh‚ featuring the top 3 non-NL pitchers in the game‚ Galvin of Allegheny‚ Nolan of Indianapolis‚ and McCormick of Syracuse‚ ends in a tie‚ with each team 2-2. The tournament moves to Chicago.
    October 19 Young Harry Stovey of the Athletics shuts out St. Louis‚ 6-0‚ on 2 hits. Stovey will become a star slugger‚ not pitcher‚ in the next decade.
    October 22 Hartford plays Chicago in an NL championship game in New Haven before a crowd of 700. Hartford wins 11-9 with 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th. Yesterday's game between these team took place in New York.
    October 23 The Chicago Times denounces the Syracuse-Indianapolis-Allegheny tournament as a "swindle" with the outcomes fixed by gamblers‚ especially the deciding game won yesterday by the Stars.
    October 24 Two Allegheny players confirm that the Chicago games were "sold" by 2 other players. They add that 3 of the Allegheny club's directors bet upon Syracuse.
    October 25 Louisville newspaper reporter John Haldeman charges Devlin and Hall of the Grays with throwing yesterday's game in Indianapolis. The two will later admit this to the club's directors.
    October 27 Boston clinches a tie for the NL pennant with a 13-2 win over Hartford. The NL's top hitter‚ Jim White‚ leads the offense with a 4-for-4 game. On defense‚ Harry Schafer racks up 4 outfield assists‚ the first player to do so‚ and accepts 11 chances‚ both ML records. As Cliff Blau points out‚ there is some question about Harry's (and other 4-assist) mark: Schafer played in just 2 games in 1878 and the Macmillan Encyclopedia credits him with no OF assists.
    October 29 Boston completes its league schedule with its 20th victory in its last 21 games‚ beating Hartford 8-4. The Reds' final record is 31-17-42-18 counting Cincinnati games. Manager Harry Wright puts himself in the lineup for this final game.
    October 30 The battered Browns return to St. Louis after a disastrous 5-week‚ 19-stop road trip in which they played every day except Sundays and rainouts. Against non-league opponents‚ they were 11-4‚ but only 2-10 against NL teams. Despite the heavy schedule‚ the team lost money.

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    October


    October 2 In the final game of the IA season‚ the London‚ Ontario‚ Tecumsehs defeat Pittsburgh 5-2 and win the pennant. Pitcher Fred Goldsmith has errorless support until 2 out in the bottom of the 9th‚ when 3 errors give the Allies their runs. Their championship record is 14-4.
    October 5 Now that it's too late to win the flag‚ the Louisvilles win their 6th game in a row‚ beating Chicago‚ 4-0. The Grays score all their runs in the 8th following 2 bad throws by 3B Al Spalding.
    October 6 On the final day of the season‚ Lawrence Reis‚ a local teenager who pitched the final 4 games for Chicago‚ shuts out Louisville‚ 4-0.
    The final standings (not counting Cincinnati) are Boston (31-17): Louisville (28-20: Hartford (24-24): St. Louis (19-29): Chicago (18-30). When the games against Cincinnati are counted the standings are: Boston (42-18): Louisville (35-25: Hartford (31-27): St. Louis (28-32): Chicago (26-33): Cincinnati (15-42).
    October 16 Buffalo closes its season‚ losing to Rochester‚ 3-0. The club shows a profit of $490‚ making it the only pro team of 1877 to actually make money‚ according to contemporary sources.
    October 20 At an exhibition‚ LH Bobby Mitchell of Cincinnati and RH Tommy Bond of Boston offer conclusive proof that a ball can curve. Three stakes are set up in a straight line; Bond curves the ball around the center stake on one side‚ while Mitchell curves it around on the other side. After the exhibition the two pitchers oppose each other‚ with Boston winning 8-3.
    October 23 The 1878 St. Louis squad‚ including Devlin‚ Snyder and Hall of this year's Louisville team‚ beats Boston‚ 9-1‚ in an exhibition game.
    October 26 Louisville club vice president Charles Chase confronts George Hall‚ the HR leader in '76 with 5‚ and Jim Devlin with charges that they threw road games in August and September. Both admit to throwing non-league games (an exhibition game in Lowell‚ MA August 30 and another in Pittsburgh September 3) and implicate teammates Al Nichols and Bill Craver. Hall implicates Devlin saying that the 2 helped in losses to the NL Cincinnati Reds on September 6 and to the minor league Indianapolis Blues on September 24‚ but he argues that since the Reds were about to be suspended and the games nullified‚ it amounted to an exhibition game.
    October 27 The Louisville club formally expels Devlin‚ Hall‚ and Nichols for selling games and tampering with other players‚ and expels Craver for "disobedience to positive orders." Their remaining 1877 salaries‚ which the Louisville team acknowledged‚ are "forfeited". Nichols‚ the exposed go-between who had been dropped by Pittsburgh (International Association) earlier in the year for trying to bribe pitcher Pud Galvin‚ left town weeks earlier. Craver will deny any wrongdoing but refused to make public his telegrams. Devlin and Hall received $75.00 and $25.00 respectively in the mails. While this was going on‚ Devlin forwarded an eviction notice from his landlord to the Louisville club for $150.00‚ which the team ignored despite owing Devlin $470 salary. Devlin's testimony also stated that Louisville paid umpire Dan Devinney extra to deliver about 20 victories this year to the team‚ but Louisville directors said that "that part of Devlin's testimony was a lie." After the season rules are changed as to how each team picked umpires for home games (as noted by Frank Vacarro).
    October 31 At a stockholders meeting‚ the St. Louis club announces an agreement with the players that will reduce the salaries still owed from $4‚389.68 to $2791.46.

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    December


    December 4 Craver issues a denial of any wrongdoing and denounces the Louisville club for not allowing him the chance to answer any actual charges. The only "proof" offered by the club against him was his suspicious attitude and his refusal to allow the club to examine his telegrams in September.
    December 12 The champion Boston Red Stockings play a game against the club's stockholders. The players play lefthanded as a handicap but still win 28-18.
    December 17 The Chicago club secures a lease to Lake Front Park‚ located downtown at Randolph Street and Michigan Avenue. That is the site used before the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The White Stockings have been playing at 23rd Street since 1874.
    December 24 Looking beyond the grim state of baseball‚ the New York Mercury foretells a dynamic future: "The baseball mania is getting so bad that every city will soon have a mammoth structure like the Roman Coliseum to play in. This will be illuminated by electric lights so that games can be played nights‚ thus overcoming a serious objection at present existing."
    December 30 At Boston's South End Fair‚ Andy Leonard wins a gold watch valued at $300 for being voted the league's "most popular player."

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    December


    December 4 At the formal meeting in Cleveland‚ the NL directors meet and confirm the expulsions of the four Louisville players. The directors also vote to throw out all Cincinnati games from the standings on the grounds that Cincinnati never paid its $100 dues.
    December 5 The NL confirms the actions of the directors and accepts the resignation of the St. Louis club. The Cincinnati Reds are readmitted for 1878. The Indianapolis Hoosiers and the Milwaukee Cream Citys are also admitted.
    December 6 William Hulbert is reelected NL president and Nick Young NL secretary. Hartford is stripped of its membership. The NL puts limits on the games its clubs can play against non-league opponents‚ possibly to avoid as many defeats as they suffered this past year.
    December 9 August Sloari‚ operator of the Grand Avenue ballpark in St. Louis‚ announces that he will take down the stands and stack the lumber now that the pro team has folded. Sportsman's Park would eventually be built at the Grand Avenue site.
    December 15 The signing of Ross Barnes by the IA champion Tecumseh club is announced. Word out of Barnes' hometown of Rockford is that he agreed to terms back in February.

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