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1914 Boston Braves

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  • Charlton's Baseball Chronology - 1875

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    January


    January 9 The first game of baseball played on ice this winter in the New York area takes place at Prospect Park in Brooklyn between two teams managed by Billy Barnie and Crawford. Barnie's team wins, 20-7, in a five-inning match. Only two outs per team constitute an inning.

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    March



    March 1 The convention of professional clubs meets in the rooms of the Athletic club of Philadelphia. Thirteen clubs will enter the pro arena this year. The Judiciary Committee awards Davy Force's contract to Chicago‚ but with the election of a new Committee‚ Force is awarded to Philadelphia‚ much to the dismay of Mr. Hulbert and the Chicago club.
    March 17 The National Amateur Baseball Association meets in Boston. Harry Wright represents the Professionals to try and secure the adoption of a single code of playing rules.

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    April


    April 10 The Mutuals play a practice game against a picked nine‚ winning 10-7. Henry Chadwick is the umpire.
    April 11 The New York Sunday Mercury describes the activities of the New Haven club during their training for the upcoming season: "First‚ each man runs a quarter of a mile‚ then gentle exercise upon the horizontal bar is taken‚ after which a trial at vaulting on the vaulting horse is indulged; then a series of Indian Club swinging‚ followed by the whole team pulling about one mile on the rowing apparatus. After all this‚ the club retires to a bowling alley where they pass and strike balls."
    April 19 The season opens in Boston with the Reds beating the visiting Elm City Club of New Haven. Al Spalding pitches a 6-hitters while three members of the Wright family play in the game. Elm City SS Sam‚ Boston's SS George and Harry‚ captain of the Boston team.
    April 22 The first championship match between the Athletics and the Philadelphias (called the Pearls or the Fillies) is played in Philadelphia before 2‚000 people‚ including the Boston 9‚ who stopped on their way to Washington. Highlights are the triple by Cap Anson of the Athletics and the unassisted DP by Levi Meyerle of the Philadelphias. The Athletics win 6-3.

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    May


    May 3 The Hartfords wallop the Philadelphia Centennials 13-4. Captain Hayhurst discovers that some of the Hartford players are using an illegal bat. The rules state that the bat must be round‚ but the bat in question has been whittled down almost flat on one side and painted black so as to disguise it. The bat is then removed.
    May 4 the Chicago White Stockings travel to Keokuk‚ Iowa and play the Westerns in that city's first major pro game. Chicago wins‚ 15-1.
    May 5 Better rethink this. The Athletics trounce the Washington club‚ 20-8. This is the 5th game in a row that Washington has lost with the winning team scoring 20+ runs.
    May 6 Before 5‚000‚ the St. Louis Browns defeat the Chicago White Stockings 10-0 at the Grand Avenue Grounds (later known as Sportsman's Park). St. Louis's George Bradley allows but 4 hits.
    May 8 St. Louis holds the White Stockings scoreless for the first 8 innings and hangs on to win 4-3. The Browns have shut out Chicago for 17 consecutive innings‚ a feat never before accomplished in baseball.
    May 11 Two hundred people sit through a windstorm in St. Louis to see a remarkable game as the visiting Chicago White Stockings defeat the St. Louis Red Stockings 1-0. Each team gets 6 hits in this‚ the lowest-scoring game in baseball history at the time.
    May 14 A first in pro ball occurs as all the scoring of the game comes in the 1st inning. The Mutuals defeat the Phillies‚ 2-1.
    May 17 Boston's Al Spalding holds the visiting Athletics to 5 hits to win‚ 12-0. Cal McVey belts a home run ("McVey went 'round the square") over the fence at the Union Grounds to lead the attack.
    May 21 In the best-played game ever on the Union Grounds‚ Candy Cummings and Hartford win‚ 1-0 against the Mutuals Bobby Mathews. It is the 2nd game with that score in 10 days.
    May 22 Bobby Mathews faces just 28 Atlantic batters‚ allowing one hit by Bill Boyd as his Mutuals make no errors and win 4-0.
    May 26 The Centennial club of Philadelphia becomes the first professional club of 1875 to disband. The Centennials have the honor of becoming the first team to sell a ballplayer. The rival Athletics wanted Bill Craver and George Bechtel‚ so the Athletics paid an official of the Centennials to have the 2 players released and transferred to the Athletic club.
    May 27 In Philadelphia‚ 5‚000 spectators watch a close match between the Athletics and the visiting Bostons. Later Boston scores 3 times in the top of the 10th to break 3-3 tie‚ the crowd rushes the field and the umpire‚ unable to maintain order‚ declares a tie.
    May 29 At Hamilton Park in New Haven‚ CT‚ Joseph McElroy Mann of Princeton College pitches a no-hitter against Yale and their star pitcher Avery‚ winning 3-0. This is the first college no-hitter‚ according to George Moreland's Balldom‚ a 1914 publication.

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    June


    June 3 The visiting Mutuals of New York are "chicagoed" by the White Stockings‚ 8-0‚ giving the team their revenge after their famous shutout in Chicago by New York in 1870. The White have 15 hits while the Mutes manage 2 off George Zettlein.
    June 5 In St. Louis‚ the Boston Reds suffer their first defeat of the season after 26 victories and one draw. The Browns' George Bradley holds the Reds to 8 hits in winning‚ 6-5. After Bradley makes the last putout‚ the crowd rushes onto the field and lifts him to their shoulders. Boston will go 34–8 on the road and will win all 37 of the team's home games.
    June 10 The finest game ever played in Keokuk‚ Iowa sees the Westerns battle the Boston Reds before losing‚ 6-4. A crowd of 300 is on hand. When the Reds get their share of the gate receipts-$13-they elect to forfeit tomorrow's match and head back to Chicago. A few more events like this and the short-lived Keokuk club packs it in June 16.
    June 11 George Hall of the Athletics hits 2 consecutive homers as Philadelphia trounces visiting Washington‚ 21-4.
    June 12 In Chicago‚ the Boston Reds hose the White Stockings‚ 24-7 before a crowd of 10‚000. Chicago helps with 21 errors. When Captain Jimmy Wood accuses P George Zettlein of "laying down"‚ George denies it and threatens to quit.
    June 17 In a Chicago Tribune interview‚ Chicago's Jimmy Wood denies any friction with Zettlein and says‚ "I don't see why the newspapers should be everlastingly pitching into us when we do so much for them. . . . there seems to be a sort of determination to run down the club."
    June 19 Henry Chadwick has this to say about today's game: "the finest display of baseball playing and the most exciting contest yet recorded in the annals of the national game." The Chicago Whites and the Dark Blues of Hartford battle 10 scoreless innings before Jim Devlin scores on a ?y out by Paul Hines in the 11th to win for Chicago 1-0. Zettlein is the winner over Cummings. The veteran boxer Billy McLean is the umpire.
    June 23 Cap Anson gets 5 hits and scores 6 runs as the Athletics trip New Haven‚ 18-9.
    At Boston‚ George Wright is 5-for-6 to help Boston beat Brooklyn‚ 15-1.
    June 24 The Philadelphias defeat the Whites‚ 5-2‚ scoring 3 runs in the 12th under suspicious circumstances. The theory is that Mike McGeary of the Phillies has been paid to help Chicago and indeed‚ he does make 5 errors. A Chicago player gets wind of the deal and wants in‚ but when the pool-sellers refuse their offer‚ the player and his teammates lose the game.
    June 26 The White Stockings lose another to Philadelphia‚ 4-3. A Chicago Tribune reporter‚ calling for the team to disband‚ saying‚ ". . . there seems no good excuse for keeping up the present nine. . . .already the public is disgusted with them." The Chicago Times reporter feels that the Whites sold out and that Dick Higham‚ the catcher‚ lost the game for them.
    In torrid heat in Philadelphia‚ the Athletics hand the Boston Reds a 10-1 defeat in front of a crowd of 5‚000. George Hall has a HR and a triple.
    June 28 An organized gang‚ having bet on the success of the local 9‚ interrupt the Boston-Athletic game with the score 12-10 in the last of the 10th inning in favor of Boston. The toughs storm the field preventing further play. Harry Wright says he will not play again in Philadelphia.
    June 29 Joseph Blong‚ the star pitcher for the St. Louis Reds‚ leaves for Cincinnati having signed with the Star club of Covington (KY) even though he is committed to the Reds.

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    July


    July 5 The largest crowd ever seen in the St. Louis ballpark‚ estimated at 15‚000‚ sees the Browns soundly defeat the Chicago White Stockings 13-2. The Browns pull off a triple play in the 7th when George Zettlein strikes out swinging and C Tom Miller deliberately drops the ball. He then tags home for the force‚ tags Zettlein‚ who is standing there‚ and throws to 3B where Johnny Peters is out trying to advance from 2B. Watching the game are members of the Washington club who‚ when they return to their hotel‚ are told by their business manager that there is no money to pay their way back to Washington. With their club disbanding‚ the players are given fare and expenses by the directors of the St. Louis club.
    July 13 One of the most thrilling games of the year is played on the Union Grounds between the Browns and the Mutuals. St. Louis ties the game in the 9th at 7-7‚ and then scores 2 in the 13th to win‚ 9-7.
    July 15 After discovering that urban rival Cincinnati has revived its professional baseball team‚ Louisville businessmen form the city's first pro team the same day‚ allowing them to keep pace on the ball field.
    July 20 The Chicago Tribune states that the Bostons will disband at the end of the season‚ with the Wrights going to Cincinnati to form a club there. The Chicago White Stockings 9 for 1876 will include Al Spalding‚ James "Deacon" White‚ Ross Barnes‚ and Cal McVey of Boston. Harry Wright‚ having lunch at Taunton‚ where the Bostons are playing‚ is told by McVey he isn't going to play in Boston next year. Wright thinks McVey is joking until he finds out after lunch that 4 players are going to Chicago.
    July 21 The use of a lively ball is reflected in the score as the Mutuals defeat the Philadelphias 16-13 at the Union Grounds in Brooklyn. 1B Joe Start hits 3 HRs and a triple.
    At Boston‚ the Reds beat the St. Louis Browns‚ 16-6‚ despite a 1st inning misplay by George Wright. Wright triples and the ball is thrown in to 3B Bill Hague who tucks it under his arm. Wright doesn't notice it and‚ thinking P George Bradley has it‚ steps off the base and is nabbed by the hidden ball trick.
    July 24 In an 8-3 loss to the Boston Red Stockings‚ the St. Louis Brown Stockings pull off a slick DP in the 6th inning (as noted by Bob Schaeffer). Boston's Cal McVey hits a liner to RF but is thrown out‚ 9-3‚ with Charley Waite firing to 1B Dehlman. Dehlman's relay to the catcher Miller nips Boston's Leonard‚ trying to score from 3B. The contest takes a lengthy 2 hours: 10 minutes.
    July 28 Philadelphia's Joseph E. Borden‚ also known by the name Josephs‚ pitches the first no-hitter‚ beating the Chicago White Stockings‚ 4-0. Nick Young is the ump in the game‚ which one hour and 35 minutes to play. Threatening weather keeps the crowd down.
    July 31 With 3 months to go in the baseball season‚ the record now shows Boston in first place with a 37-4 record. The Athletics are 2nd and Hartford 3rd.

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    August


    August 4 The Red Stockings Al Spalding and Philadelphia's Josephs lock up for an 11 inning battle won by Boston‚ 4-3. A triple by Jim O'Rourke and a ground out by McVey result in the winning run.
    August 9 The underrated Philadelphias and their sensational P Josephs shut out Jim Galvin and the St. Louis Browns 16-0 on 5 hits. It is the first time the Browns have suffered a shutout in their history.
    August 10 Hartford's Tommy Bonds one-hits the Mutuals to win‚ 7-0. Jim Holdsworth's leadoff single is the only hit.
    August 12 With the score 1-0 and 2 out in the last of the 9th inning‚ Hartford's Tom York hits a triple over the center fielder's head. The next batter‚ Bob Ferguson‚ after hitting a number of fouls lefthanded‚ turns around and bats righthanded‚ getting a double to tie the score. Rain ends the game with the score Hartford 1‚ Mutuals 1.
    August 17 The White Stockings open their home stand against the Athletics and take a 4-1 lead into the 8th. Three errors by 2B Dick Higham-tainted in the view of some-lead to 5 unearned runs and an 8-4 A's win. Only 2‚500 are on hand as fan interest is looking towards next year.
    August 20 Tommy Bond pitches his 2nd one-hit game in 10 days. Bill Boyd of the Atlantics gets the only hit in the 2-0 victory by Hartford.
    August 21 The St. Louis Browns defeat the Boston Reds‚ who are minus the services of Al Spalding‚ suffering from a strained back. With Boston's Jack Manning pitching‚ the Browns win 5-3. George Wright pitches the last 3 innings without allowing a run. This is Spalding's first absence from a professional game in 5 years with the Reds and‚ before that‚ 4 years with Rockford.
    August 28 The Detroit Evening News notes‚ according to historian Peter Morris‚ that the free list would be suspended for a much-anticipated game‚ with the "exception of ladies‚ who are always free."

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    September


    September 3 The Athletics and Dick McBride absorb their worst defeat‚ losing 16-0 to Boston. Jack Manning allows 5 hits for Boston‚ while Spalding plays RF.
    September 11 The first baseball game played with women professionals takes place in Springfield‚ IL. The diamond is half-sized and a 9-foot high canvas surrounds the entire field. The uniforms are similar to the male version except the pants are shorter. Final score: "Blondes" 42‚ "Brunettes" 38.
    September 23 George Zettlein beats his former team‚ the White Stockings‚ in Chicago‚ allowing one hit in the 5-0 win.
    September 24 George Gage‚ president of the Chicago White Stockings‚ dies of a stroke. His death paves the way for William Hulbert to take over the club.
    September 25 In a National Association game, Paul Hines, usually an outfielder, plays second base for Chicago. He commits ten errors, helping Philadelphia to a 15–6 victory. An amateur identified only as “Brady” plays CF, goes 0-for-4 and makes three errors in his only professional game. The Philadelphia Mercury (as cited in the Chicago Daily of January 27, 1877) reports that, “The Chicago Tribune says that we cannot name one man in the League who is ‘crooked.’ We beg to differ with our amiable friend and will name, if he wishes it, two players with the Chicagoes who sold a game with the Philadelphia, in Chicago, on the 25th of September 1875, receiving $100 for so doing.” The paper says that one player is still with Chicago [in 1877].

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    October


    October 4 Candy is Dandy. Arthur Cummings allows 4 hits as Hartford costs to an 18-0 over New Haven.
    October 10 At a meeting of the White Stockings stockholders‚ William Hulbert uses a proxy from George Gage's widow to declare himself president of the club and to name Al Spalding as secretary.
    October 13 Cap Anson is 5-for-5 in leading the Athletics to a 10-inning‚ 8-7 win over Hartford.
    October 14 Only 200 fans are on hand but $10‚000 is bet on the White Stockings against the host Philadelphias. The bettors are not wrong as Chicago uses 1st inning errors by McGeary and 4 hits for 5 runs. Chicago wins‚ 10-7.
    October 24 The Chicago Tribune calls for the formation of an organization of major professional teams: Chicago‚ Cincinnati‚ Louisville‚ Philadelphia‚ New York‚ Boston‚ and Hartford. "Unless the present Professional Association leadership adopts rules to limit the number of teams allowed to participate in the Championship season‚ all clubs will go broke."
    October 30 The Boston Reds beat the visiting Blue Stockings of Hartford‚ 7-4‚ to finish the season without a home defeat. Boston finishes the year at 48-7. Only 7 teams finish the season with a total of 185 games played between them. Eighteen teams a re signed on for next season.

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