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1914 Boston Braves

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  • Charlton's Baseball Chronology - 1874

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    January


    January 20 The Judiciary Committee of the NA meets at Baltimore's St. Clare Hotel to consider charges that Bob Addy played with Boston last year before the required 60 days had elapsed since his employment by the Rockford Club‚ and the expulsion of Candy Cummings for leaving the team without permission. The charges against Addy are dismissed and Cummings is censured and reinstated.
    January 29 A. G. Spalding‚ 23‚ arrives in England where he will call on sporting editors and athletes in pursuit of his plan to bring two baseball clubs to England this summer and exhibit American baseball while also competing in some cricket matches.

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    March



    March 27 The first match of American baseball ever played in England takes place at the Kennington Oval Cricket Field in London. The match is arranged by Mr. C. Alcock‚ the cricket editor of the London Sportsman‚ and the participants include several well-known cricketers. Mr. Spalding and Mr. Briggs‚ of the Beacon Club of Boston‚ choose up sides and play a 6-inning game. Spalding loses‚ 17-5.

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    March


    March 2 The 4th meeting of the Professional Association takes place at the United States Hotel in Boston. Seven clubs send delegates: Athletics‚ Chicago‚ Hartford‚ Philadelphias‚ Mutuals‚ and Boston. The Atlantics are not represented but will play this year. Charles H. Porter of the Bostons is elected president. New rules include the adoption of the batter's box and the prohibition of any player betting on his own team (expulsion) or any other team (forfeiture of pay). The 10-man‚ 10-inning proposition favored by Henry Chadwick is defeated.
    March 14 A. G. Spalding comes home from his visit to England after arranging the tour of the Athletic and Boston teams this summer. Plans call for the teams to depart from the U.S. on July 16‚ play baseball and cricket matches in England during August‚ and leave Liverpool for home on August 26th. The full number of championship matches during the regular baseball season will be played.

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    May


    May 16 The first championship match of the 1874 season is played in Philadelphia‚ with the Athletics defeating the Philadelphias (now referred to as the Pearls) 14-5.
    May 20 The Chicago White Stockings‚ under manager Nick Young‚ leave for St. Louis for 2 weeks of practice before the season starts.
    May 22 The first game of the season in Baltimore finds the home team shut out by the Philadelphias and future Hall of Famer Arthur "Candy" Cummings. Candy allows 5 hits.

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    May


    May 1 In Hartford‚ the home team beats the Mutuals‚ 10-7. The Nutmegs score 6 runs in the 3rd inning. Lipman Pike has 3 hits.
    May 5 Tommy Bond pitches for the Atlantics in their 1874 opener. It is his first appearance in the National Association. Bond would later win 40 or more games in 3 consecutive seasons in the NL. Today he limits Baltimore to 4 hits as the Atlantics win the game‚ played at the Union Grounds‚ 24-3.
    May 7 The Athletics Dick McBride pitches a one-hitter to defeat the Pearls‚ 7-1.
    May 9 The Mutuals meet the Athletics at the Union Grounds before 1‚000 fans. Another 1‚000 wait outside the gate for the end of the 3rd inning when they will be admitted for half price. The Mutuals commit 11 errors in the last half of the 6th inning‚ but still win 8-5.
    May 12 The Boston reds trounce the visiting Nutmegs‚ 25-3. Hartford's Cherokee Fisher allows 23 hits while his teammates back him with 29 errors. With 2 on in the 4th‚ Hartford's Bill Barnie lifts a pop fly in front of home. McVey‚ catching for Boston bobbles the ball‚ but George Wright‚ coming in from SS‚ catches the ball before it hits the ground.
    May 13 The first professional championship match in Chicago‚ by a Chicago team‚ since the Great Fire of 1871 is played before 4‚000 spectators. George Zettlein and the White Stockings defeat the Athletics of Philadelphia‚ 4-0. The Athletics have 10 hits and 21 base runners and yet fail to score.
    May 30 At the Union Grounds in Brooklyn‚ 10‚000 fans are on hand for the first match of the year between the Mutuals of NY and the Atlantics. Two runs in the 1st are the only scores as Mathews and the Mutes win‚ 2-0. Atlantic 1B Herman Dehlman has 21 putouts. The Boston Reds finish the month in first place with an 18-2 mark.

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    July


    July 15 Candy Cummings strikes out 6 consecutive Chicago White Stocking batters during an 8-6 victory at Philadelphia.
    July 18 One of the poorest games of baseball ever played between 2 professional clubs occurs in New York as the Mutuals defeat the Chicago White Stockings 38-1. Of the 33 hits collected by the Mutes‚ Tom Carey makes 6 and scores 6 runs. Chicago had two hits and commits 36 errors. Cuthbert and Zettlein are not allowed to play for the Whites because of suspicion attached to their actions during a match in Philadelphia yesterday. They will be reinstated for the game on the 20th and the charges will be dismissed as hearsay.
    July 27 The visiting Chicago Whites lose to the Boston Reds 29-6. P Al Spalding collects 6 hits for the winners.

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    July


    July 4 Chicago celebrates its return home after a 4-week eastern trip by defeating the league-leading Boston Red Stockings 17-16 before 10‚000 spectators. Pitcher George Zettlein bats in John Peters with the inning run in the 10th. Ross Barnes has 6 hits for the losers. And the end of today the Reds are (26-7); the A's (20-9)‚ and the Mutes (15-13).
    July 10 Joe Start‚ the Mutual 1B‚ misses the train to Hartford‚ and the Mutes are forced to play with only 8 players. Hartford wins 13-4.
    Jimmy Wood‚ famed as a 2B in the early days and more recently known as the man who put together the Chicago White Stockings of 1870‚ has his right leg amputated above the knee. The cause was an abscess following an accident several months ago.
    July 16 The Boston and Athletic teams sail from Philadelphia for England. Round-trip tickets for baseball enthusiasts can be obtained for $100.
    July 30 In Liverpool‚ England‚ the Athletics score 5 runs in the 10th to beat the Bostons‚ 14-11.

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    August


    August 3 The American visitors play their first game of baseball in London at the Lord's Cricket Grounds as Boston defeats the Athletics 24-7. In the morning‚ a cricket match between the Americans and the Maryleborne Club is started. At the completion of the match on the 4th‚ the Americans are victorious 107-105. The American ballplayers will play in 7 cricket matches during the tour and will win all 7. However‚ the Americans field 18 players while their opponents use 12.
    August 5 Chicago's first win over the Mutuals is tainted with accusations of crooked play by some of the Mutes players. The host Whites win‚ 5-4‚ scoring a run in the 9th. Mike McDonald‚ a notorious Windy City gambler‚ is said to have been on a binge last night with a prominent member of the Mutes.
    August 24 The American tourists arrive in Dublin‚ Ireland‚ where they play a baseball game‚ won by Boston 12-7. They then start a cricket game‚ finishing tomorrow with the U.S. winning 165-88.
    August 26 In Philadelphia‚ Candy Cummings allows 2 hits to beat the Atlantics‚ 23-1.
    In Chicago‚ the Whites defeat the Baltimores‚ 6-2. Jim White‚ playing 3B for the Canaries‚ has 10 assists.

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    October


    October 1 In Hartford‚ Bobby Mathews allows 3 hits as the visiting Mutuals win‚ 14-0.
    October 9 The stockholders of the Philadelphias baseball club vote 26-15 to expel player John J. Radcliffe. Umpire William McLean has testified that Radcliffe approached him before the game at Chicago on July 15th and offered him $175 if he would help Chicago win the game. Four other players were in on the plot: Candy Cummings‚ Nat Hicks‚ Bill Craver‚ and Denny Mack.
    October 12 Boston's return home after the tour is spoiled by a victory for the Athletics 6-5. Boston still leads the pennant race with a 31-9 record followed by the Mutuals with 29 victories and 17 losses.
    October 14 To the surprise of 1‚000 Boston spectators‚ Chicago bats Spalding all over the lot with 10 runs on 22 hits while George Zettlein limits the Reds to no runs on 4 hits. Boston's George Wright makes 3 errors.
    October 16 The Globes‚ Louisville's first black baseball team‚ play a charity game for yellow fever sufferers‚ shaming a pair of local white clubs into following suit to avoid‚ in the words of the Louisville Courier-Journal‚ being "outdone by the darkly-complected portion of the human race."
    October 28 In Philadelphia‚ the Athletics win by a 9-0 forfeit over the White Stockings. The score is tied after 8 innings‚ but the Athletics score 2 in the 9th with darkness approaching. Chicago starts to delay the game‚ hoping that it will be called‚ but umpire McLean refuses. After the A's score 8 runs‚ Zettlein hands the ball to the ump saying‚ "we give it up."

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    October


    October 1 A bad day in Boston as the Atlantics lose to the Reds‚ 29-1‚ getting just 4 hits off Al Spalding. Boston has 26 hits while Brooklyn chips in with 36 errors. Boston and the Mutes are tied with 36 wins.
    October 9 Five thousand people watch the last match game of the season between the Mutuals and the Boston Reds. Spalding allows only 5 hits‚ but the Reds lose 4-3. The winning runs score on Joe Start's double and a throwing error.
    October 20 Tommy Bond‚ whom Henry Chadwick says "bids fair to be a second Creighton‚" shuts out the Mutual club on 2 hits as the Atlantics win 5-0.

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    December


    December 1 The season ends today with the Boston Red Stockings being declared the champions with a record of 43-17. Boston actually had a record of 52-18 but the Committee throws out the Baltimore games because the team did not complete their schedule. The Mutuals finish second.

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    December


    December 26 From Henry Chadwick's column in the New York Clipper (as noted by Bob Schaeffer): "A vile habit which some catchers are prone to indulge in is that of growling at umpires and disputing their decisions or ill-naturedly questioning their judgment. . . . Aside from the fact that it is illegal and unfair‚ it is the worst policy a catcher can follow‚ for growling (complaining) only increases the prejudice of the umpire and confuses his judgment‚ and his errors are sure to tell against the grumbling catcher's side."

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