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New York Yankees

aka Highlanders

Bronx Bombers, Murderers' Row


Team 7641-5788, 569

The Yankees are without dispute the most successful franchise in baseball history. They have won a record 22 World Series and 33 AL pennants and totally dominated the sport in the 1940s and, especially, the 1950s. They have won more games than any franchise, even though they are in the younger American League.
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» 1928: One Game Features Seventeen Future Hall of Famers
» 1936: Pains and Streaks and Tears
» 1949: Team Draws 11 Walks in One Inning
» 1954: Crowd of 86,563 Attends Game
» 1956: Larsen Was Perfect
» 1981: The Sixteenth Man
» 1983: The Pine Tar Game Finally Ends
» 1990: Pitcher Throws No-Hitter, Loses 4-0

» Photo: An Afternoon at the Ballpark from The American League

Book Excerpts
» Photos from Yankees Baseball: The Golden Age by Richard Bak

» Mickey Mantle's First Home Run by Frank Ceresi and Carol McMains
» Gene Woodling: A Champion Outfielder in Baseball's Glory Years by Jim Sargent
» Frank Messer: The Passing of a Yankee Broadcaster by Bruce Markusen
» Yankees vs. Red Sox: Baseball's Greatest Rivalry by Harvey Frommer
» Gehrig's Streak by Harvey Frommer
» Yankee Stadium's First Opening Day by Harvey Frommer
» Subway Series by Harvey Frommer
» The Yankee Mystique by Harvey Frommer
» Yankee Doodle Dandies: Yankee Books: Sports Book Review by Harvey Frommer
» The First Yankee Home Game: April 30, 1903 by Harvey Frommer
» The Worst (Best for the Yankees) Deal in Baseball History: Harry Frazee Sells Babe Ruth to New York by Harvey Frommer

Ask The Experts
» How many numbers have the Yankees retired?
» Who caught Dave Righetti's no-hitter?
» How many times have the New York Yankees been to a World Series and not won?
» When did the Yankees first add pinstripes to their uniforms?
» Who pitched a no-hitter for the Yankees on the Fourth of July?
» How many Yankees have worn #2?
» Who was on the field for the Yankees when they won the World Series in 1978?
» Which Yankee team had the most Hall of Famers on it?
» Who was the first African-American to play for the Yankees?
» How many World Series have been won by a team from New York?
» Who wore number six for the 1927 New York Yankees?
» Who wore numbers 1, 3, 6, and 9 for the 1936 New York Yankees?
» What did Joe DiMaggio do in his first at-bat?
» Which team has the most representation in the Hall of Fame?
» Why did the Yankees wear black arm bands during the 2000 season?
» Who has managed both the Yankees and the Mets?
» How many players have won 10 games with both the Yankees and Mets?

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The club came to New York when AL president Ban Johnson moved the Baltimore franchise to compete with the Giants for attendance. The club cost owners Frank Farrell and Bill Devery $18,000. Playing in Hilltop Park in upper Manhattan, the club was named the Highlanders, until they moved into the Polo Grounds (shared with the Giants) and became the Yankees. The club almost won the 1904 pennant on the strength of Jack Chesbro's 41-12 record, but lost on the last day of the season when Chesbro wild-pitched in the losing run in the ninth inning. The team remained respectable for several years and then declined. In January 1915 Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Colonel Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston bought the franchise for $460,000. That season the famous Yankee pinstripes were seen for the first time. The new owners began buying talent almost immediately, picking up Bob Shawkey in 1916 as Connie Mack finished breaking up the Athletics.

But the deal that made the Yankees into a powerhouse came in January 1920, when they bought Babe Ruth from the Red Sox as Boston owner Harry Frazee sold off his stars to finance his Broadway shows. Ruth changed baseball history by hitting 54 HR in 1920, breaking the record of 29 that he had set the previous season. At the end of the 1920 season the Yankees hired Boston manager Ed Barrow to be their general manager. Knowing the Boston players well, he continued the Yankees' stripping of the Red Sox roster by acquiring Wally Schang and Waite Hoyt a few months later, Joe Bush, Everett Scott, and Joe Dugan after the 1921 season, and Herb Pennock in 1923. The Yankees had just won their first pennant, and although they lost to their Polo Grounds landlords, John McGraw's Giants, that year and the next, they outdrew them. The popularity of the team, especially Ruth, helped finance the building of Yankee Stadium, hence its nickname of "The House That Ruth Built." In May 1922, two weeks after construction of the park was begun, Ruppert bought out Huston for $1.5 million.

Moving into their new home in 1923, the Yankees celebrated by finally besting the Giants in the 1923 WS, the Yankees' first World Championship. After a two-year hiatus, the Yankees resumed their pennant-winning ways with another three straight, 1926-28. The 1927 team has become symbolic of overwhelming strength. Nicknamed Murderer's Row, the offense posted the highest team slugging percentage in history, .489. The Yankees won 110 games and finished 19 games ahead of the Athletics, who had Hall of Famers Ty Cobb, Al Simmons, Mickey Cochrane, and Lefty Grove, and won 91 games. Ruth set another, nearly unbreakable record by hitting 60 home runs, and had 164 RBI, second in the league. The man who finished ahead of him, Lou Gehrig, drove in 175 and finished second to Ruth with 47 HR while batting .373 (third in the AL). Ruth, Gehrig, and Earle Combs finished 1-2-3 in runs scored, and it was Gehrig, Ruth, and Combs atop the total bases list. Tony Lazzeri finished third behind Ruth and Gehrig in home runs. This powerhouse, which led in every major offensive category but doubles and steals, might have won with the worst pitching staff in the league, but instead it had the best, with Hoyt leading the league in ERA and winning percentage and tying in wins. Teammate Urban Shocker followed him on the ERA list. The Pirates were swept in four games in the World Series, supposedly demoralized just by watching the Yankees take batting practice. The Yankees had another Series sweep in 1928, of the Cardinals.

In 1929 the Yankees wore numbers on their backs, the first team to do so on a permanent basis. Bill Dickey took over behind the plate, and the Yankees finished second; manager Miller Huggins died in September of that year. Shawkey led the team to a third-place finish in 1930, and Joe McCarthy took over in 1931, when Lefty Gomez had the first of his four 20-win seasons. McCarthy ended the three-year reign of the Athletics in 1932 and once again the Yankees swept the Series. They had won 12 consecutive WS games. The team finished second the next three seasons, with Ruth being let go after 1934.

But a new era of domination was coming, presaged by the November 1934 purchase of Joe DiMaggio from the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League. An agreement between the two teams allowed him to play one last season for the Seals, which had the effect of creating great anticipation in New York. His rookie season in 1936 certainly did not disappoint the Yankees, as he was the team's second-best hitter, behind Gehrig, in the three major categories, hitting .323 with 29 HR and 125 RBI. Red Ruffing, picked up from Boston in mid-1930 after leading the league in losses the previous two seasons, had the first of four straight 20-win seasons in 1936. The Giants managed to end the Yankees' WS consecutive game-winning streak in the first game, but the Yankees beat them that year and the next. In 1938 it was the Cubs' turn to lose, as New York swept them. Joe Gordon was now the Yankee second baseman, having pushed Lazzeri aside, and that helped compensate for the reduced effectiveness of Gehrig. Col. Ruppert died in January 1939, and GM Barrow succeeded him as club president. Later that year, when Gehrig ended his monumental 2,130 consecutive-game streak by sitting himself down, it was discovered that he had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. He never played again and died two years later. His spot was taken by Babe Dahlgren, and the Yankees swept the Reds in the Series. McCarthy had led them to World Championships in four consecutive seasons, then a record.

After a third-place finish in 1940, the Yankees had a memorable season in 1941. DiMaggio hit in a record 56 games, and rookie Phil Rizzuto took over shortstop from the aging Frankie Crosetti. Their Game One victory in the WS gave them another consecutive-victory streak, of ten games. The first of the fabled Yankee-Dodger matchups, the 1941 World Series was effectively decided in Game Four. The Dodgers were ahead 4-3 in the ninth inning with two out, and were about to even the Series at two games apiece. But Hugh Casey's third strike got past Mickey Owen, and, given that reprieve, the Yankees came back with four runs and clinched the Series the next day. They hadn't lost a WS since 1926, to the Cardinals; their triumph in eight Series without an intervening loss was yet another record. The string was snapped in 1942 when the Cardinals triumphed again, but the Yankees came back to beat them in 1943 despite the loss of DiMaggio, Rizzuto, and others to military service. Spud Chandler helped compensate with a 20-4 season. But so many players were lost to military service in the next two years that the Yankees slipped to third, and then fourth, place. In January 1945 Dan Topping and Del Webb purchased the club for $2.8 million. They replaced Barrow with Larry McPhail, giving him a third of the club. He brought night baseball, his innovation in Cincinnati, to Yankee Stadium after the war ended. But McCarthy, who had completely rebuilt the image of the Yankees from the team of carousers it had been during Ruth's time, did not get along with the unstaid McPhail, and quit in early 1946. Bill Dickey and Johnny Neun also managed the team that year, and the Yankees finished third.

In 1947 the Yankees had a new manager, Bucky Harris; a new catcher, Yogi Berra (he shared duties with Aaron Robinson); a new staff ace, Allie Reynolds; and a new bullpen ace, Joe Page. They ran away with the flag and beat the Dodgers in a memorable World Series that included a near-no-hitter by Bill Bevens. McPhail proved too much of an embarrassment, and was replaced by director of minor league operations George Weiss. When the Yankees finished third in 1948, Harris was fired, despite winning 94 games. Weiss convinced the owners to bring in Casey Stengel, whom he knew from Stengel's time managing the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League. Many were surprised and disappointed with the choice of a manager who had lost in a big way in both his previous major league assignments, and who had developed a reputation as a clown, but Stengel would go on to win with the Yankees to an extent unmatched by any before or since.

Stengel inherited a "Big Three" of Reynolds, Eddie Lopat, and Vic Raschi on the pitching staff and an offense that, though it included Tommy Henrich, Joe DiMaggio, and Phil Rizzuto, reminded no one of the Bronx Bombers of seasons past. He compensated by raising platooning to a new level of complexity, and he made Berra the regular catcher (he led the team in RBI the next seven seasons and won three MVP awards), gave more playing time to Bobby Brown, Jerry Coleman, Hank Bauer, and Gene Woodling, and began a practice of late-season pick-ups of veterans by buying slugger Johnny Mize, then 36 years old, from the Giants at the end of August 1949. DiMaggio was injured for much of that season, but came back cold off the DL to ravage the Red Sox in an important series at Fenway Park. Stengel finished one game ahead of Joe McCarthy's Red Sox, but had an easier time of it in the World Series as the Yankees beat the Dodgers in five games. In 1950 Whitey Ford began making the "Big Three" into the "Big Four" and the Phillies were swept in the Series. DiMaggio passed the torch to rookie Mickey Mantle in 1951, Gil McDougald won Rookie of the Year, and Johnny Sain was picked up at the end of August as the Yankees won their third straight World Championship. Mantle took over in centerfield in 1952 and Stengel installed Billy Martin, a favorite of his from Oakland, as the regular second baseman. The Dodgers fell in a seven-game Series, and Stengel had equalled McCarthy's four straight World Championships, and more important to him personally, his mentor John McGraw's four straight pennants.

Oddly, Yankee Stadium was sold to Earl and Arnold Johnson of Kansas City at the beginning of the 1953 season, presaging the close link that would develop between New York and Kansas City after the Athletics moved there in 1955 (previously it was a Yankee minor league outpost). Mantle hit his famous 565-foot home run in Washington that April 17, and Whitey Ford came back from two years of military service to become the staff ace as the Yankees coasted to another title. Stengel got his record fifth consecutive World Championship as Martin hit .500 in the Series against the Dodgers, equaling the Series record with 12 hits.

The Indians managed to interrupt the Yankees in 1954 by winning an AL-record 111 games; Stengel's personal high of 103 games was good enough for second place. Bill Skowron came up and began winning time at first base, and Bob Grim won the Rookie of the Year award with a 20-6 mark, although he proved to be a one-year wonder. Don Larsen and Bob Turley were picked up from the Athletics in December in the first of many similar transactions. A month later John Williams Cox bought Yankee Stadium and sold the grounds to the Knights of Columbus; in 1962 he left the facilities to Rice University. In 1955 Mantle led the AL in home runs for the first of four times and Ford led in wins for his first time. New York returned to the top of the standings. But the Dodgers finally triumphed in the Fall Classic, beating the Yankees in seven games. Mantle had his finest season in 1956, winning the first of his three MVP awards with league highs of 52 HR and 130 RBI in his finest season. The World Series featured Larsen's perfect game as the Yankees won in seven games.

In June 1957 Martin was traded to Kansas City, over Stengel's objections, in a deal that brought Ryne Duren to the Yankees. Martin had supposedly been involved in a brawl at a New York nightclub, and although he was not a major figure in the incident, Weiss considered him a bad influence. Bobby Richardson took over at second base. The Braves defeated New York in the World Series in 1957, but the Yankees revenged themselves in a 1958 rematch after cruising to a third straight easy pennant. Tony Kubek won the shortstop job and Rookie of the Year honors, Turley was the Cy Young winner, and Duren took over as the bullpen ace. But in 1959 the team stumbled, finishing in third with a 79-75 record. It was the first time since 1946 that they hadn't won at least 90 games, and their worst season since 1925. The truth was that the talent was running out, partly because of the Yankees' early failure to sign gifted black players. Aside from Ford, the pitching staff was not dominating. Stengel had maneuvered spot starters in and out for years, but for one year, it didn't work. Even so, the Yankees had dominated the decade in unprecedented fashion. But the owners decided that Stengel was getting too old.

Another raid on the Athletics' roster brought Roger Maris to New York for 1960, and he won the first of his back-to-back MVP awards. Defensive whiz Clete Boyer took over third base, moving butcher Hector Lopez into the outfield to share time with Berra, who relinquished the majority of the catching duties to Elston Howard, who had patiently played out of position in the outfield and at first base for five years. The Yankees rebounded to 97-57 and won by eight games, but lost to the Pirates in a wild, seesaw World Series that saw Pittsburgh outscored 55-27, outhit .338 - .256, and outpitched 3.54 - 7.11. But the Pirates won the close games, and Bill Mazeroski's climactic Game Seven home run in the bottom of the ninth inning cost Stengel and Weiss their jobs as club president Topping forced them out in the name of a supposed youth movement.

Former third-string catcher Ralph Houk took over the reins in 1961 as two teams and eight games were added in expansion. Maris and Mantle chased Ruth's 60 home runs all season, with Maris topping it in the final game and winning his second MVP award. Ford had his best season, going 25-4 and winning Cy Young honors, as Houk stabilized the rotation for the first time in years and Luis Arroyo saved 29 games (then a record, although it was not yet a statistic). The surprise NL winners, the Reds, were disposed of in five games in the Series. The Yankees repeated easily in 1962 as Ralph Terry had a career year, going 23-12 and winning two games in the Yankees' seven-game triumph over San Francisco. Mantle won his final MVP award, and Tom Tresh was named Rookie of the Year in his best season after temporarily pushing Kubek aside. Skowron was traded after the Series, and Joe Pepitone took over first base in 1963. Tresh spent the whole season in the outfield as Mantle was sidelined most of the season. Howard captured MVP honors as the Yankees won their third straight pennant for Houk. But the superior pitching of the Dodgers swept New York in the World Series. Houk moved to the front office after the season and Berra took over in the dugout. The Yankees won the best AL pennant race in over a decade in 1964 to again win five straight AL titles. Topping had been disappointed by the team's showing in the early part of the season, though, and it was already arranged that Berra would be fired after the season, with Cardinals manager Johnny Keane to replace him. The fact that New York lost the World Series to the Cardinals in seven games was enough justification for Topping; the odd turn of events went through. Berra was luckier than he realized.

Topping had arranged during the season to sell the team to CBS. Following the World Series, they purchased 80% of the franchise for $11.2 million, buying the remaining 20% later. Their investment fell apart on them as the Yankees had their first losing season since 1925 in 1965 and then dropped to last place in 1966. Kubek and Ford had retired, Maris had lost most of his power, Mantle was deteriorating physically, and Tresh hit home runs but contributed little else. Houk took over in 1966 after the team started the year 4-16. The team improved only marginally in 1967, as Mantle and Pepitone switched positions; Mantle's knees were no longer able to handle outfield play. Howard and Tresh lost their skills, and the mediocre Horace Clarke became the symbol, fairly or unfairly, of a new Yankee era. The team rebounded to an 83-79 fifth-place finish in 1968, Mantle's last season. But the years 1965-71 are perhaps best summed up in the current Yankee media guides, where the only highlights listed in that time period are the painting of Yankee Stadium after the 1966 season and Mickey Mantle Day in 1969. Mel Stottlemyre won 20 games three times, and Thurman Munson came up in 1970. The Yankees even finished second that year, although they were 15 games back. But the club remained mediocre for several more years.

A large group of businessmen bought the Yankees from CBS in January 1973. Principal owner George Steinbrenner, who made his money in shipbuilding, claimed he was going to be a silent partner, but Houk resigned after the season over Steinbrenner's meddling in decision-making. It was the first indication of a coming managerial carrousel unmatched in instability and surprising twists. Playing at Shea Stadium while Yankee Stadium was renovated by the City of New York, the Yankees were led by low-key Bill Virdon to a second-place finish in 1974, just two games out. The team featured Graig Nettles, Bobby Murcer, and Chris Chambliss. Virdon was replaced with the volatile Martin after going 53-51 in the first two-thirds of 1975. Catfish Hunter was the ace of the pitching staff, the first of Steinbrenner's blockbuster free-agent signings. The owner's willingness to spend freely proved to be his best quality.

The remodeled Yankee Stadium was opened in 1976, and a revamped team that now included Willie Randolph at second base and Mickey Rivers in centerfield, and Ed Figueroa and Dock Ellis on the mound, finished first for the first time in 12 years. Munson won MVP honors, Nettles led the AL in homers, and Sparky Lyle emerged as the bullpen ace with 23 saves. Chambliss's dramatic ninth-inning home run clinched the LCS. New York was swept by the Reds in the World Series, but the Yankees had reestablished themselves as a dynasty. Superstar Reggie Jackson was Steinbrenner's next headline-grabbing free-agent acquisition; Don Gullett was also picked up for 1977. Jackson alienated many Yankees with an undiplomatic, bragging interview, and Martin was unhappy that he hadn't gotten the hit-and-run man he wanted. But with Munson leading the Yankees in the clubhouse and on the field, and Jackson leading them statistically, the club captured its first World Championship in 15 years. Lyle captured Cy Young honors. Jackson's remarkable performance in the final game of the Series, in which he hit three consecutive homers, all on the first pitch, clinched the Series and earned him the nickname Mr. October. The 1978 season topped 1977 in all respects. The new free-agent arrival was Goose Gossage, who won the stopper role from Lyle. Martin and Jackson and Steinbrenner feuded openly, with Martin getting the ax while 52-42 for calling Steinbrenner and Jackson liars. Officially, he retired for health reasons. After interim manager Dick Howser lost one game, Chicago manager Bob Lemon took over the Yankees. But there was a startling twist to his situation, as it was announced just four days later (at Old-Timers Day) that Martin would return in 1980. Under Lemon's calm guidance and masterful handling of the pitching staff, helped by the return of several injured Yankees, the club went 48-20 the rest of the way to tie the Red Sox. Ron Guidry won the climactic playoff game, running his record to 25-3, on Bucky Dent's home run. Guidry won the Cy Young Award, and Ed Figueroa became the first Puerto Rican 20-game winner. Kansas City fell to the Yankees again in the LCS, and the Yankees won their second straight World Championship, the most recent team to repeat. Dent continued his improbable heroics to win the Series MVP award; Nettles's spectacular fielding might have won it for him if he had only hit better than his feeble .160. Tommy John and Luis Tiant were signed as free agents over the winter; John led the staff in wins in 1979. Martin's return came sooner than expected when he replaced Lemon on June 18 with the Yankees at 34-30. But the team was stunned by the August death of the irreplaceable Munson in a plane crash. They finished in fourth place.

Martin was replaced after the season by Dick Howser, who led the Yankees to a 103-victory division title. Newest free-agent acquisition Rudy May led the league in ERA, and Jackson led in HR. But the team was swept by the Royals in the LCS, and Steinbrenner forced Howser to "retire" in a charade that fooled no one. Gene Michael was named as Howser's replacement in an effort to use his popularity as a former Yankee star to offset outrage at the dismissal of Howser. Steinbrenner's biggest free-agent signing came that December when he signed Dave Winfield to a 10-year contract. Dave Righetti won the Rookie of the Year award. In a season broken into two parts by a mid-season players' strike, the Yankees won the first half easily and then coasted, finishing under .500 in the second half of the season. Steinbrenner's unhappiness with this situation, which emphasized the unimportance of the second half and threatened attendance, led to the firing of Michael in the beginning of September. He was replaced by Lemon, who led the Yankees past the Brewers (in the divisional playoff) and the A's. But the Yankees' World Series loss elicited Steinbrenner's outrageous "apology" to New York fans that was an implicit criticism of Winfield's 1-for-22 performance. It would prove to be the Yankees' last postseason appearance for quite a while.

Lemon was fired again after starting the 1982 season 6-8. Gene Michael replaced him for 86 games and was in turn replaced after he attempted to stand up for the players during a disappointing 79-83 fifth-place finish (the team was at .500 at the time). Clyde King lasted to the end of the season and Martin was rehired for 1983. The Yankees finished third that year, and third under Berra in 1984 as Don Mattingly and Winfield battled down to the last day of the season before Mattingly won the batting title. Berra was fired while 6-10 in April 1985, with Martin once again taking over. He drove the team to a second-place finish as Mattingly won the MVP and Guidry went 22-6. After the season Lou Piniella, another popular ex-Yankee, replaced Martin as manager. He lasted through a second-place finish in 1986, but finished in fourth in the tough 1987 AL East despite an 89-73 record. Martin spent the whole summer sniping at Piniella's managerial expertise from the Yankee broadcast booth, and replaced Piniella, who was made GM, after the season. In Martin's fifth term, a record for times managing one team for a non-owner (Bill Sharsig named himself manager of the Philadelphia club in the American Association), his erratic and violent behavior once again embarrassed the team, and he was fired and replaced by Piniella. Dallas Green was named manager for 1989 and began rebuilding the team with GM Syd Thrift, but was unsurprisingly fired that August; 1978 playoff hero Bucky Dent replaced him. It was the 17th managerial change in Steinbrenner's 17 years of ownership. (SH)
» March 12, 1903: The New York Highlanders are officially approved as members of the AL.

» April 22, 1903: At Washington, before 11,950, the New York Highlanders play their first game, losing 3–1. Washington elects to bat first, but the New Yorkers score in the bottom of the opening inning to take a 1–0 lead. Each starter gives up six hits with Jack Chesbro, the National League's top winner last year (28-6) taking the loss. Al Orth, in his second season with Washington, is the winner.

» April 23, 1903: Behind the pitching of Harry Howell, the New York Highlanders (1–1) win their first game, 7–2, over Washington.

» June 10, 1903: Detroit SS Kid Elberfeld, suspended for abusing an umpire, is traded to the New York Highlanders for veteran infielders Herman Long, 37, and Ernie Courtney. The Highlanders' first trade is a good one as"The Tabasco Kid", currently hitting .341, will be a key ingredient in New York's rise as contenders in 1904.

» June 16, 1903: Against the White Sox, Clark Griffith tosses a 1-0 shutout to give the New York Highlanders their first shutout ever.

» July 7, 1903: In a game with the New York Highlanders, White Sox OF Danny Green is called out at 1B by John Sheridan, and after returning to the bench continues to yell at the ump. Sheridan finally rushes the bench and hits Green with his mask, who then belts the umpire. The umpire is taken from the grounds and locked up on charges of disorderly conduct. An hour later he is released after bail is posted by Highlander president Joseph Gordon.

» May 11, 1904: In the opener of a 4-game series with the visiting Cleveland Blues, the New York Highlanders prevail, 4-2, on a 2-run HR by Kid Elberfeld and a pair of run-scoring singles by Deacon McGuire. The New Yorkers will take three of the four games to move into a tie 2nd place.

» July 4, 1904: Jack Chesbro, the New York Highlanders spitballer, wins his 14th in a row, an American League record until Walter Johnson wins 16 straight in 1912. The A's lose both today, as the Highlanders sweep the three games series.

» July 27, 1904: John McGraw and John T. Brush say they have no intention of playing a post-season series with the American League champions. "The Giants will not play a post season series with the American League champions. Ban Johnson has not been on the level with me personally, and the American League management has been crooked more than once." says McGraw. "When we clinch the National League pennant, we'll be champions of the only real major league," Ban Johnson fires back, "No thoughtful patron of baseball can weigh seriously the wild vaporings of this discredited player who was canned from the American League." As the New York Highlanders battle for the AL pennant, local pressure mounts, but Brush, still angry over the inter-league peace treaty, and McGraw, who despises Ban Johnson, are adamant.

» September 17, 1904: More than 23,000, reputedly the largest crowd in Boston history, show up for the showdown twinbill with the New York Highlanders. New York scores three runs in each of the first two innings against Bill Dineen. Jack Chesbro (35-8) holds on for a 6-4 win, his 7th win in a row. New York briefly takes over 1st place. But Cy Young tops New York, 4-2, in the nitecap, beating Ned Garvin, recently acquired from Brooklyn. The two teams complete their three doubleheaders at 2-2-2.

» October 2, 1904: Doc White's scoreless streak ends at 45 innings, when the New York Highlanders score in the first; White then pitches another eight shutout innings to win, 7-1.

» July 13, 1905: The Philadelphia A's "sell" catcher Mike "Doc" Powers to the New York Highlanders. Powers will be sold back to the A's on August 7. As noted by Lyle Spatz, Powers was needed to replace back up C Red Kleinow, injured yesterday in a game with Detroit. Powers will play mainly at 1B, replacing Hal Chase whose nose was broken in the Detroit game.

» May 21, 1906: An 11-game win streak by Philadelphia is stopped by Cleveland 2-1 in 13 innings. The Athletics, Cleveland Naps, and New York Highlanders juggle the top spot in AL standings.

» September 7, 1908: On Labor Day, Manager Joe Cantillon starts the Big Train in place of one pitcher who is sick, and another who returned to Washington to be with his sick wife. Only three Senators' pitchers made the trip to NY. Walter Johnson shuts out the New York Highlanders for the 3rd time in four days, 4-0, topping Jack Chesbro and allowing just two hits and no walks. In the three games, Walter allows 12 hits, walks one, and strikes out 12. Johnson will pitch 130 shutouts during his career, 23 more than runner-up Grover Alexander. This is one of a record (topped in 1972) seven shutouts tossed today, out of 16 games.

» October 7, 1908: The last-place New York Highlanders close out the season losing 1–0 in 11 innings to Walter Johnson and the Senators. Johnson, who missed 10 weeks , ends up at 14–14, with a 1.65 ERA.

» June 19, 1909: Walter Johnson has a strange day beating the New York Highlanders 7-4. He gives up just three hits, but is unusually wild, issuing seven walks, uncorking four wild pitches, and hitting one batter, while fanning 10.

» May 14, 1911: More than 15,000 turn out for Cleveland's first Sunday game, and they see a 14–3 win over the New York Highlanders. George Stovall paces Cleveland with four hits.

» April 20, 1912: The Boston Red Sox open in the new Fenway Park with a 7–6, 11-inning win over the New York Yankees before 27,000 in the lidlifter of two games. Spitballer Bucky O'Brien and Sea Lion Hall top Jumbo Jim Vaughn, handing the Yankees their 6th straight loss.

» September 28, 1912: Having recovered from an operation, Frank Chance is released by the Cubs. He will manage the newly named New York Yankees for two years.

» January 8, 1913: Frank Chance inherits Hal Chase and the weakest lineup the New York Yankees will ever have when he signs to manage the team.

» December 31, 1914: Ban Johnson's efforts to strengthen the New York Yankees succeed when he arranges the purchase of the team by Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Cap Huston for $460,000 from Bill Devery and Frank Farrell. After Detroit owner Navin refuses to let Hugh Jennings go, the new Yankee owners will name longtime Detroit pitcher Bill Donovan as manager. Donovan was recently manager of Providence (IL).

» January 7, 1915: The Tigers waive Wally Pipp to the New York Yankees. Pipp hit .161 in 12 games, but he'll anchor first base in New York for a decade.

» May 11, 1919: Walter Johnson retires 28 consecutive batters during a 12-inning scoreless tie against Jack Quinn and the New York Yankees. Future football immortal George Halas, batting leadoff for New York, fans twice and goes 0-for-5.

» October 23, 1927: Bill Purdy, who hit .355 in his 2nd year with the Reds, scores a touchdown for the Green Bay Packers against the New York Yankees. Purdy's score comes on a 5-yard run.

» October 10, 1930: The New York Yankees announce they have signed Joe McCarthy to manage the team for 4 years. The Cubs made him available one year after he had led them to a pennant, and the Yankees lost no time in signing him. McCarthy will lead New York to 8 pennants and 7 World Championships before resigning in 1946.

» January 20, 1931: Joe Sewell, released by the Cleveland Indians after last season, signs with the New York Yankees.

» April 2, 1931: Miss Jackie Mitchell, a 17-year-old gate attraction for Joe Engel's Chattanooga Lookouts (Southern Association), pitches against the New York Yankees in an exhibition game in Chattanooga. Babe Ruth waves wildly at 2 pitches and watches a 3rd strike go by. Lou Gehrig gallantly times his 3 swings to miss the ball, but unsmiling Tony Lazzeri, after first trying to bunt, walks and Miss Mitchell leaves the game. The final score is 14-4 Yankees. In 1933 Mitchell will pitch for the House of David team.

» June 20, 1934: The AL leading New York Yankees trip the Indians twice, 3–2 and 3–0, at Yankee Stadium. New York ties the first game on Frank Crosetti's solo homer in the 8th of Bob Weiland, then wins it on Gehrig's 18th in the 9th. Lefty Gomez, in relief of Johnny Broaca, is the winner. In game 2, Hal Trosky's single is the only hit off Red Ruffing, who also knocks in a run.

» November 13, 1934: The Reds purchase pitcher Danny MacFayden from the New York Yankees.

» September 16, 1939: The New York Yankees clinch their 4th successive pennant with a win over Detroit.

» July 28, 1940: King Kong Keller clouts three HRs for the New York Yankees in a 10-9 Yanks win over Chicago in the first game of a doubleheader split.

» June 2, 1941: New York Yankees 1B Lou Gehrig dies of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at age 37 in New York. From that time on, the illness is known primarily as Lou Gehrig's Disease.

» August 1, 1941: Lefty Gomez of the New York Yankees pitches a 9-0 shutout over the St. Louis Browns despite walking 11 batters, the most ever issued in a shutout. Fifteen base runners are left stranded by the Browns.

» October 5, 1942: Whitey Kurowski's 2-run home run in the 9th inning gives St. Louis a 4–2 World Series triumph and enables the Cardinals to upset the New York Yankees in five games.

» November 3, 1942: Ted Williams is the ML Triple Crown winner, but the writers select 2B Joe Gordon by 21 votes as AL MVP. Gordon of the New York Yankees leads the AL with 95 strikeouts, the most ground balls hit into double plays (22), and the most errors at his position (28). P Mort Cooper gets the MVP honor in the NL.

» October 6, 1943: Robert Cooper, father of P Mort Cooper and C Walker Cooper, dies at his home in Independence, MO, but both players decide to play in the WS. Mort goes on to beat the New York Yankees 4-3, resurrecting memories of 1942 when the Yankees lost 4 straight after winning the opener. Marty Marion and Ray Sanders homer.

» July 27, 1945: The Cubs purchase P Hank Borowy from the New York Yankees in an unexpected waiver deal. Borowy, 10-5 with the Yankees, was put on waivers, apparently to solve a roster problem, and was passed over by 15 teams. The Cubs snatch him for $97,500, and he will help the Cubs win the pennant with an 11-2 record, including three wins over the Cardinals down the stretch.

» May 28, 1946: The Washington Senators edge the New York Yankees 2–1 before 49,917 fans in the first night game at Yankee Stadium.

» May 23, 1948: Joe DiMaggio hits three consecutive home runs for the New York Yankees in a 6–5, first-game win against the Indians. The first two home runs are off Bob Feller. Behind Don Black, the Indians take the nightcap, 5–1, to preserve first place.

» July 23, 1950: Tigers P Saul Rogovin hits a 2nd inning grand slam off Yankees P Eddie Lopat as the first-place Bengals nip onrushing New York Yankees, 6–5.

» December 11, 1951: Joe DiMaggio officially retires as a member of the New York Yankees with 361 home runs and an average of .325 after 13 seasons. His 56-game, consecutive-game hitting streak in 1941 will stand as one of the all-time best diamond achievements.

» May 12, 1953: Whitey Ford of the New York Yankees allows only rival pitcher Early Wynn's infield single in the 6th in beating the Indians 7–0. New York increases its lead to two games over the 2nd-place Indians.

» May 7, 1959: The Los Angeles Coliseum is jammed by 93,103 on "Roy Campanella Night" for an exhibition game between the Dodgers and the New York Yankees. This is the largest crowd in ML history. The Yanks win 6–2.

» December 11, 1959: The A's Arnold Johnson gives the New York Yankees an early Christmas present when he gift wraps Roger Maris in pinstripes. The Yankees acquire the slugger in a 7-player deal that sends P Don Larsen, RF Hank Bauer, 1B Marv Throneberry, and LF Norm Siebern to the Athletics.

» June 22, 1965: Ray Barker's ML-record-tying 2nd consecutive pinch-hit home run is wasted in a first-game, 6–2 Yankees loss to the A's. Mickey Mantle adds a home run in the opener, but in the 4–2 nightcap win he tries to score from 2nd on a wild pitch and snaps a upper-thigh hamstring. He will be out for three weeks. The June 21st Sports Illustrated cover features Mantle with the prescient title "New York Yankees: End of an Era?"

» June 21, 1969: Minnesota scores a club-record 11 runs in an inning, the 10th inning at Oakland, and set major-league record for runs in the 10th, in winning 14–4. The Twins send 16 batters to the plate in the frame garnering eight hits, four walks, and three errors. Harmon Killebrew's 3-run homer is the big blow. Minnesota's 11 match the New York Yankees' 12th inning of July 26, 1928, for most runs for one club in extra innings, and shatters the previous high for the 10th inning of eight runs. The A's add a run of their own in the 10th to set a record (12) for runs in the 10th by two clubs. Yesterday, Oakland won, 3–2, in 14 innings.

» January 3, 1973: A group of investors, headed by shipbuilder George Steinbrenner, purchases the New York Yankees from CBS for $10 million.

» November 29, 1976: Free agent Reggie Jackson signs with the New York Yankees for $3.5 million.

» December 15, 1980: Outfielder Dave Winfield becomes the highest-paid player in baseball when he signs a 10-year, $15 million contract with the New York Yankees.

» December 24, 1986: Two free agents sign, OF Gary Ward with the New York Yankees, while Reggie Jackson signs with the Oakland A's. With Jackson's signing, the Angels receive the A's 2nd round draft pick.

» January 6, 1988: Free-agent slugger Jack Clark signs with the New York Yankees, while free agent Paul Molitor re-signs with the Brewers.

» July 6, 1997: Roger Clemens becomes the American League's first 13-game winner, pitching a four-hitter as the Toronto Blue Jays beat the New York Yankees, 2–0. Clemens has 10 strikeouts and one walk in his first shutout of the year. Ramiro Mendoza takes the loss.

» August 12, 1997: Dean Palmer homers and drives in four runs as the Kansas City Royals end the New York Yankees' three-game winning streak with a 6-4 victory. Palmer, who is 10-for-21 with runners in scoring position and has 16 RBIs in 18 games since coming over in a trade with Texas, singles home a run in the fourth, opens the 6th with his 17th homer, and hits a go-ahead, two-run double in the 7th. Mike Perez (2-0), the second of five Royals' pitchers, is the winner. Jeff Montgomery pitches the 9th for his eighth save, the 250th of his career. He retires 32 consecutive batters, one shy of the club record, before Bernie Williams singles with two outs in the ninth.

» May 28, 2000: Forbes magazine reports the New York Yankees are worth $540 million, making them the most valuable team in baseball for the 3rd straight year.

» August 11, 2001: Led by the two Giambi brothers, Oakland beats the visiting New York Yankees, 8–6, for their 10th straight win. Jason Giambi and Jeremy Giambi each club 2-run homers, the 2nd time they've both gone deep in the same game. They did it twice last year as well.