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Brooklyn Dodgers

aka Bridegrooms, Trolley Dodgers, Superbas, Robins

Daffiness Boys, Flock, Bums

1884-1957

Team AA 1884-89 NL


The only major league team whose named location was a borough (rather than a city or state), the Brooklyn Dodgers entered American mythology as a metaphor for lost innocence and community. They became a symbol of the decline of the eastern city. Many in Brooklyn agreed with columnists Pete Hamill and Jack Newfield when they named the three most evil men of the 20th century as "Hitler, Stalin, and Walter O'Malley." O'Malley moved the "Boys of Summer" to Los Angeles only ten years after their proudest moment, the breaking of the color barrier with Jackie Robinson, and two years after their greatest triumph, beating the hated Yankees in the World Series after five losses.
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RELATED LINKS
» 1956: October's Revenge
» 1957: : Dodgers, Giants Bid New York Adieu

Photos
» Photo: History Maker, Barrier Breaker from Black Baseball in Kansas City
» Photo: Bobby Thomson's three-run homer (1951)

Book Excerpts
» Tales from the Dodger Dugout by Carl Erskine

Submissions
» Baseball Returns to Brooklyn, New York: You Can't Go Home Again by Sam Person
» Celebrating Jackie Robinson by Harvey Frommer
» Remembering Irving Rudd by Harvey Frommer
» Baseball Names - and How They Got That Way! (Part 1) by Harvey Frommer

Ask The Experts
» What was the 1957 Dodgers' lineup?
» Who started the seventh game of the 1956 World Series for the Dodgers?
» Who won the 1947 World Series?
» Was Jackie Robinson alone when he was signed to play for the Dodgers?
» How many World Series have been won by a team from New York?
» When did Babe Ruth start coaching for the Brooklyn Dodgers?

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The Dodgers are best remembered for their freewheeling days as manager Wilbert Robinson's Daffiness Boys, for their legendary Ebbets Field fans, and for the cry of "Wait until next year." Brooklyn lost the only two league playoffs played during their tenure, in 1946 and 1951, and were the only major league team to finish in the cellar only once. They played the longest major league game ever, a 26-inning tie with the Braves in 1920. (TG)
FROM THE BASEBALL CHRONOLOGY
» January 12, 1900: John McGraw threatens that if the National League drops Baltimore, which is controlled by the owners of the Brooklyn Superbas, he will form an American League team. Two weeks later the NL Circuit Committee recommends buying out Baltimore, Washington, Cleveland, and Louisville and going to an 8-team league. McGraw then organizes a Baltimore club in the AL.

» April 26, 1901: After six postponements, the New York Giants down the Brooklyn Superbas 5-3 for their season’s first win and Christy Mathewson’s first ML victory. Matty allows four hits and strikes out 8.

» July 8, 1901: An 8th-inning decision favoring the Brooklyn Superbas infuriates St. Louis fans. When the 7-5 Brooklyn win ends, they rush umpire Hank O'Day, who suffers a split lip before players and police can rescue him.

» October 5, 1901: The Brooklyn Superbas sweep two from the Giants, 8-0 and 4-2. Wild Bill Donovan pitches the opener, allowing three hits, in winning his NL-high 25th game. Christy Mathewson umpires the first game, then loses the 2nd game, also umpired by a ball player.

» April 29, 1902: Brickyard Kennedy, a member of the Brooklyn Superbas for 10 years, makes his first start as a New York Giant and shuts out his old team, 6-0, on four hits. It will be Brickyard's only win of the year and his only win as a Giant. The loser is John McMakin. The Giants also announce the release of Jim Delahanty, who hit .231 in seven games. He'll reappear in the majors in 1904 and play another 11 years.

» July 2, 1903: Pitcher Jack Doscher, making his debut with the Chicago Cubs, is the first son of a former ML player to also play in the ML. Father Herm was a third baseman with Troy, Chicago, and Cleveland before the turn of the century. Jack loses today at Philadelphia, 7-2, and will end the season with the Brooklyn Superbas.

» April 17, 1904: The Brooklyn Superbas play their first Sunday game at home, beating the Boston Beaneaters, 9-0, behind Oscar Jones. To circumvent Sunday Blue Laws, no admission is charged, but fans must buy scorecards to enter the grandstand and box seats.

» April 12, 1906: Boston (NL) OF Johnny Bates becomes the first modern player to hit a homer in his first ML at bat when he connects in the 2nd inning against the Brooklyn Superbas' Harry McIntire. Boston hurler Irv Young allows only one hit-a double by Harry Lumley-and wins, 2-0.

» April 20, 1906: At the Polo Grounds, the Giants win their home opener, 8-2 over the Brooklyn Superbas. Red Ames is the winner for the defending world champions.

» June 14, 1906: The Brooklyn Superbas record 27 putouts and 27 assists in beating the Pirates, 6-1. This will stand as the record until Pittsburgh totals 28 on June 7, 1911.

» April 15, 1909: With Christy Mathewson sidelined with a bruised hand, the result of a line drive off the bat of Moose McCormick, Red Ames gets the call. Before an Opening Day crowd of 30,000 at New York, Ames pitches a no-hitter for nine innings against the Brooklyn Superbas, loses it with one out in the 10th, then loses the game 3-0 in the 13th. Kaiser Wilhelm matches Ames by not allowing a hit until the 8th inning. The Giants outfield has no putouts.

» January 2, 1912: Brooklyn Dodgers president Charles Ebbets announces he has purchased grounds to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 30,000. During the year he will ease his pinched financial condition by selling half the team to Ed and Steve McKeever.

» March 20, 1934: All-around female athlete Babe Didrickson pitches the first inning for the Philadelphia Athletics in a spring training exhibition game against the Brooklyn Dodgers. She gives up one walk but no hits. Two days later she pitches again, this time one inning for the St. Louis Cardinals against the Red Sox. She is less successful this time, giving up four hits and three runs in the first inning. Bill Hallahan relieves her. Didrickson does not have an at bat in either game. She will also play several games for the House of David this season. Didrickson is the 2nd of only two females to play exhibitions with a ML team (1B Lizzie Murphy played for an AL all-star team on August 14, 1922).

» December 10, 1935: The National League accepts Bob Quinn, who had been GM of the Brooklyn Dodgers, as president of the new ownership of the Braves.

» October 7, 1936: The 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel with a year remaining on his contract.

» November 5, 1936: Burleigh Grimes is named manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, replacing Casey Stengel, who was fired last month.

» April 30, 1937: Duke All-American football star Ace Parker pinch-hits a HR in his first ML at bat for the Athletics. Parker will have just one more HR on his way to a .117 average this year, but will do better on the gridiron. He will score 2 TDs for the Brooklyn Dodgers at Pittsburgh on November 21st and will eventually be elected to the Football Hall of Fame. He, thereby joins Hoyt Wilhelm and Earl Averill as one of just 3 Hall of Famers to hit a HR in their first at-bat.

» January 19, 1938: Larry MacPhail is announced as the new general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers.

» May 4, 1939: Executive vice president Larry MacPhail is elected president of the Brooklyn Dodgers.

» April 30, 1940: Tex Carleton of the Brooklyn Dodgers, who dropped to the minors after successful hurling with the Cards and Cubs, tosses a no-hitter, blanking the Cincinnati Reds 3-0. The win is the 9th straight for Brooklyn since Opening Day, which ties a ML record. Carleton had been released by the Minneapolis Millers after the 1939 season, and Brooklyn had signed him as a free agent.

» July 5, 1940: The Brooklyn Dodgers beat Boston 6-2 in 20 innings lasting 5 hours and 19 minutes. The 2 teams' epic marathon ties record-setters of 1920 and 1939.

» September 10, 1941: Johnny Schmitz makes his ML debut and notches a victory by throwing only one pitch in the 9th inning of the Cubs 5-4 victory over the Brooklyn Dodgers.

» October 6, 1941: The New York Yankees top the Brooklyn Dodgers 3-1 to take the WS in 5 games. P Ernie Bonham of the Yankees retires the side on 3 pitches in the 7th inning.

» September 23, 1942: Larry French of the Brooklyn Dodgers pitches a brilliant one-hitter, beating the Philadelphia Phillies 6-0 for his 197th career win. After a brief relief stint on the 26th, he will join the U.S. Navy, rise through the ranks and retire in 1969 with the rank of captain. Larry MacPhail, the 52-year-old Dodger president, also announces today that he is quitting at the end of the season to reenter the army.

» June 4, 1943: Mort Cooper of the St. Louis Cardinals pitches back-to-back one-hitters, beating the Brooklyn Dodgers on May 31 and the Philadelphia Phillies on June 4. Hits by Billy Herman on May 31 and by Jimmy Wasdell of the Phils deprive him of no-hitters. Cooper has six wins and three shutouts on the way to his second 20-win year.

» July 30, 1943: Phil Cavarretta of the Chicago Cubs HRs off the RF foul pole against Johnny Allen of the Brooklyn Dodgers. The ball is retrieved, and Bill Nicholson hits the next pitch out of Wrigley Field. The result: one ball, one pitcher, two pitches, two HRs. The Cubs go on to beat the Dodgers 13-2.

» April 27, 1944: Boston knuckleballer Jim Tobin hits a HR and no-hits the Brooklyn Dodgers 2-0 before a mid-week crowd of 1,984 at Braves Field. Tobin walks Paul Waner to lead off the game, then retires 26 consecutive batters before again walking Waner with 2 outs in the 9th inning.

» August 20, 1945: At the age of 17, SS Tommy Brown of the Brooklyn Dodgers is the youngest player to hit a ML home run. Brown belts his homer off Pirates southpaw Preacher Roe into the upper LF section at Ebbets Field. Seven Dodger errors make it easy for Pittsburgh to win, 11-1.

» April 23, 1946: Ed Head of the Brooklyn Dodgers tosses a no-hitter at the Braves, beating Boston 5-0 before 30,287 at Ebbets Field. It is Head's first ML start since his return from the military.

» September 15, 1946: After dropping the opener, the Brooklyn Dodgers are stinging the Chicago Cubs 2-0 in the 5th inning when a swarm of gnats descends upon Ebbets Field and causes the game to be postponed.

» October 3, 1946: The St. Louis Cardinals wallop the Brooklyn Dodgers 8–4 at Ebbets Field to win the National League playoffs 2-0 and advance to the World Series. Erv Dusak and Enos Slaughter lead the attack, while winning pitcher Murry Dickson adds a triple. Dickson allows just two hits till the last inning, before the Dodgers score three runs off him. Harry Brecheen strikes out two batters with the bases full to end it. Joe Hatten is the loser.

» April 9, 1947: Commissioner Happy Chandler suspends manager Leo Durocher of the Brooklyn Dodgers for the entire season for incidents detrimental to baseball. Larry MacPhail and the Dodger organization are fined $2,000 each, and Yankee coach Charley Dressen is set down for 30 days. A feud involving Durocher, MacPhail, and Dodger officials rocked the training season. The Yankees' signing of Dressen and Red Corriden, longtime Brooklyn coaches, charges of consorting with Cuban gamblers against MacPhail, and charges and counter charges that Durocher had sought—or been offered—the Yankee managerial post were included in the hearing before Chandler.

» June 22, 1947: Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters when Eddie Stanky of the Brooklyn Dodgers singles with one out in the ninth inning. Blackwell then gets Al Gionfriddo before Jackie Robinson bangs out a second single. Blackwell wins 4-0, his ninth straight win to improve to 11-2. Stanky's hit ends Blackwell's hitless-inning skein at 19.

» October 6, 1947: The New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-2 to win the WS in 7 games. Relief P Hugh Casey of the Dodgers appears in 6 games, winning 2 while notching an 0.87 ERA. Series heroes Bevens, Gionfriddo, and Lavagetto will not play another ML game.

» October 5, 1949: In the Series opener at the stadium, the New York Yankees and Allie Reynolds beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 1-0 on Tommy Henrich's 9th-inning HR off Don Newcombe. Newcombe had struck out 11 and walked none before Henrich's blast. Allie Reynolds gives up only 2 hits and fans 9.

» August 16, 1950: Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers denies news reports that Jackie Robinson, last year's MVP, will be traded. The latest tempest was started by the second baseman's comments after he was removed from the lineup on August 12th by Bert Shotton after making an error. "I wouldn't be surprised if I was traded," Jackie was quoted as saying.

» August 31, 1950: Gil Hodges of the Brooklyn Dodgers hits 4 HRs and a single, driving in 9 runs in the Dodgers 19–3 rout of the Boston Braves in Ebbets Field. Hodges’ 17 total bases is the most since 1894. Gil's first homer is a 2-run shot off loser Warren Spahn in the second inning, adds a 2-run homer in the third off Norman Roy, another 2-run homer off Bob Hall in the sixth, and a 3-run shot off Johnny Antonelli in the eighth. Erskine is the winner of the rout. Hodges had 4 long hits on June 25 last year, the first Dodger to twice have 4 extra base hits in a game.

» October 16, 1950: The Brooklyn Dodgers fail to renew Branch Rickey's contract as president.

» October 26, 1950: Branch Rickey resigns as president of the Brooklyn Dodgers and Walter O'Malley succeeds him. Rickey sells his 25 percent interest in the club for a reported $1.05 million.

» March 23, 1951: The Brooklyn Dodgers sign a 21-year lease with the city of Vero Beach, FL, for use of their spring training facilities there.

» November 7, 1951: Representative Emanuel Celler's committee issues financial data from 1945-49 that differs with Walter O'Malley's numbers. According to Celler, the Dodgers made a profit of 2.364 million dollars from 1945-49; the Dodgers' "loss" of $129,318 in 1950 included a $167,000 loss due to the promotion of the Brooklyn Dodgers professional football team. In his continuing investigation into antitrust violations, Celler says that evidence in his committee suggests altering the reserve clause in that it does limit players.

» August 28, 1952: The Brooklyn Dodgers set the NL mark for DPs in consecutive games with 23.

» July 17, 1955: In what would be their most important move of the season, the Brooklyn Dodgers bring up rookie pitchers Roger Craig and Don Bessent from the minor leagues. They immediately pay dividends as they beat the Reds in both ends of a doubleheader. Craig wins 6-2 and Bessent matches it 8-5.

» July 21, 1956: Junior Gilliam of the Brooklyn Dodgers makes 12 assists at 2B to set a modern major-league record. Dodger captain Pee Wee Reese gets his 2,000th major-league hit, one of five active major leaguers to reach the mark. But St. Louis wins 13-6.

» September 30, 1956: Sandy Amoros and Duke Snider each hit 2 HRs, as the Brooklyn Dodgers win 8-6 to cop the pennant on the last day of the season.

» October 18, 1956: The Brooklyn Dodgers begin an exhibition tour of Japan.

» January 15, 1957: The Brooklyn Dodgers extend their 5-year lease on Ebbets Field by signing a new 3-year lease with real estate developer Marvin Kratter, who bought the field in 1953.

» August 1, 1957: Gil Hodges hits his 13th career grand slam to establish a new NL record. This is the last grand slam in the history of the Brooklyn Dodgers franchise.

» September 29, 1957: The Brooklyn Dodgers lose their final game before moving west, a 2-1 loss to Philadelphia. Roger Craig starts and Koufax relieves as Gilliam scores the only Dodger run.

» June 15, 1985: Seattle's infield records 21 assists in a 2–1 win over Kansas City, tying the major-league record last accomplished by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1935.

» April 20, 1995: Dodgers president Peter O'Malley donates the Brooklyn Dodgers' 1955 World Championship banner to the borough in which it was won, saying, "The flag belongs in Brooklyn."

» October 6, 2001: Little used P Dennis Stark and four relievers give Seattle a 1–0 win over Texas, handing the Rangers their only shutout of the year. Bret Boone's solo home run, off Doug Davis, is the scoring. The win is #116 for Seattle, tying the win mark of the 1906 Cubs. Texas will beat Seattle in tomorrow's season finale. Seattle ends the season having won the season series against all 18 opponents they faced: 13 AL teams and five NL. The last team to win every season series was the Tigers in 1968 against nine AL teams. The Mariners broke the record of the 1899 Brooklyn Dodgers (as noted by Walt Wilson), who won series against 11 NL teams.